Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1186/s13568-022-01432-8
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) Biofilm forming rhizobacteria affect the physiological and biochemical responses of wheat to drought
Author Karimi, E.; Aliasgharzad, N.; Esfandiari, E.; Hassanpouraghdam, M.B.; Neu, T.R.; Buscot, F.; Reitz, T.; Breitkreuz, C.; Tarkka, M.T.
Source Titel AMB Express
Year 2022
Department FLOEK; BOOEK; iDiv
Volume 12
Page From art. 93
Language englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords Biofilm forming PGPR; Wheat; Drought response; Antioxidant enzymes, Harvest index; Root tissue density
Abstract Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) can attenuate the adverse effects of water deficit on plant growth. Since drought stress tolerance of bacteria has earlier been associated to biofilm formation, we aimed to investigate the role of bacterial biofilm formation in their PGPR activity upon drought stress. To this end, a biofilm-forming bacterial collection was isolated from the rhizospheres of native arid grassland plants, and characterized by their drought tolerance and evaluated on their plant growth promoting properties. Most bacterial strains formed biofilm in vitro. Most isolates were drought tolerant, produced auxins, showed 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) deaminase activity and solubilized mineral phosphate and potassium, but at considerably different levels. Greenhouse experiments with the most promising isolates, B1, B2 and B3, under three levels of water deficit and two wheat varieties led to an increased relative water content and increased harvest index at both moderate and severe water deficit. However, the bacteria did not affect these plant parameters upon regular watering. In addition, decreased hydrogen peroxide levels and increased glutathione S-transferase activity occurred under water deficit. Based on these results, we conclude that by improving root traits and antioxidant defensive system of wheat, arid grassland rhizospheric biofilm forming bacilli may promote plant growth under water scarcity.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Karimi, E., Aliasgharzad, N., Esfandiari, E., Hassanpouraghdam, M.B., Neu, T.R., Buscot, F., Reitz, T., Breitkreuz, C., Tarkka, M.T. (2022):
Biofilm forming rhizobacteria affect the physiological and biochemical responses of wheat to drought
AMB Express 12 , art. 93 10.1186/s13568-022-01432-8