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Title (Primary) Spatial patterns of microbial diversity in Fe-Mn deposits and associated sediments in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans
Author Menezes Bergo, N.; Torres-Ballesteros, A.; Negrão Signori, C.; Benites, M.; Jovane, L.; Murton, B.J.; Nunes da Rocha, U.; Pellizari, V.H.
Journal Science of the Total Environment
Year 2022
Department UMB
Volume 837
Page From art. 155792
Language englisch
Topic T7 Bioeconomy
Keywords Deep-sea ferromanganese crusts and nodules; Microbial diversity; Biogeochemical cycling; Rio Grande Rise; Tropic Seamount; Geomicrobiology
Abstract Mining of deep-sea Fe-Mn deposits will remove crusts and nodules from the seafloor. The growth of these minerals takes millions of years, yet little is known about their microbiome. Besides being key elements of the biogeochemical cycles and essential links of food and energy to deep-sea, microbes have been identified to affect manganese oxide formation. In this study, we determined the composition and diversity of Bacteria and Archaea in deep-sea Fe-Mn crusts, nodules, and associated sediments from two areas in the Atlantic Ocean, the Tropic Seamount and the Rio Grande Rise. Samples were collected using ROV and dredge in 2016 and 2018 oceanographic campaigns, and the 16S rRNA gene was sequenced using Illumina platform. Additionally, we compared our results with microbiome data of Fe-Mn crusts, nodules, and sediments from Clarion-Clipperton Zone and Takuyo-Daigo Seamount in the Pacific Ocean. We found that Atlantic seamounts harbor an unusual and unknown Fe-Mn deposit microbiome with lower diversity and richness compared to Pacific areas. Crusts and nodules from Atlantic seamounts have unique taxa (Alteromonadales, Nitrospira, and Magnetospiraceae) and a higher abundance of potential metal-cycling bacteria, such as Betaproteobacteriales and Pseudomonadales. The microbial beta-diversity from Atlantic seamounts was clearly grouped into microhabitats according to sediments, crusts, nodules, and geochemistry. Despite the time scale of million years for these deposits to grow, a combination of environmental settings played a significant role in shaping the microbiome of crusts and nodules. Our results suggest that microbes of Fe-Mn deposits are key in biogeochemical reactions in deep-sea ecosystems. These findings demonstrate the importance of microbial community analysis in environmental baseline studies for areas within the potential of deep-sea mining.
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=26262
Menezes Bergo, N., Torres-Ballesteros, A., Negrão Signori, C., Benites, M., Jovane, L., Murton, B.J., Nunes da Rocha, U., Pellizari, V.H. (2022):
Spatial patterns of microbial diversity in Fe-Mn deposits and associated sediments in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans
Sci. Total Environ. 837 , art. 155792