Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1088/1748-9326/ac7603
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) Historic drivers of onshore wind power siting and inevitable future trade-offs
Author Weinand, J.M.; Naber, E.; McKenna, R.; Lehmann, P.; Kotzur, L.; Stolten, D.
Source Titel Environmental Research Letters
Year 2022
Department OEKON
Volume 17
Issue 7
Page From art. 074018
Language englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords disamenities; regional equality; cost effectiveness; European turbine stock; multi-criteria; future expansion; 2050 scenarios
Abstract The required acceleration of onshore wind deployment requires the consideration of both economic and social criteria. With a spatially explicit analysis of the validated European turbine stock, we show that historical siting focused on cost-effectiveness of turbines and minimization of local disamenities, resulting in substantial regional inequalities. A multi-criteria turbine allocation approach demonstrates in 180 different scenarios that strong trade-offs have to be made in the future expansion by 2050. The sites of additional onshore wind turbines can be associated with up to 43% lower costs on average, up to 42% higher regional equality, or up to 93% less affected population than at existing turbine locations. Depending on the capacity generation target, repowering decisions and spatial scale for siting, the mean costs increase by at least 18% if the affected population is minimized – even more so if regional equality is maximized. Meaningful regulations that compensate the affected regions for neglecting one of the criteria are urgently needed.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Weinand, J.M., Naber, E., McKenna, R., Lehmann, P., Kotzur, L., Stolten, D. (2022):
Historic drivers of onshore wind power siting and inevitable future trade-offs
Environ. Res. Lett. 17 (7), art. 074018 10.1088/1748-9326/ac7603