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Title (Primary) Water deficit history selects plant beneficial soil bacteria differently under conventional and organic farming
Author Gebauer, L.; Breitkreuz, C.; Heintz-Buschart, A.; Reitz, T.; Buscot, F.; Tarkka, M.T.; Bouffaud, M.-L.
Journal Frontiers in Microbiology
Year 2022
Department BOOEK; iDiv
Volume 13
Page From art. 824437
Language englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Supplements https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2022.824437/full#supplementary-material
Keywords Drought legacy; ACC deaminase; PGPR; Organic and conventional farming; wheat; barley; AcdS gene; Amplicon sequencing
Abstract Water deficit tolerance is critical for plant fitness and survival, especially when successive drought events happen. Specific soil microorganisms are however able to improve plant tolerance to stresses, such as those displaying a 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase activity. Microorganisms adapted to dry conditions can be selected by plants over time because of properties such as sporulation, substrate preference, or cell-wall thickness. However, the complexity and interconnection between abiotic factors, like drought or soil management, and biotic factors, like plant species identity, make it difficult to elucidate the general selection processes of such microorganisms. Using a pot experiment in which wheat and barley were grown on conventional and organic farming soils, we determined the effect of water deficit history on soil microorganisms by comparing single and successive events of water limitation. The analysis showed that water deficit strongly impacts the composition of both the total microbial community (16S rRNA genes) and one of ACC deaminase-positive (acdS+) microorganisms in the rhizosphere. In contrast, successive dry conditions moderately influence the abundance and diversity of both communities compared to a single dry event. We revealed interactive effects of the farming soil type and the water deficit conditioning treatment. Indeed, possibly due to better nutrient status, plants grown on soils from conventional farming showed higher growth and were able to select more adapted microbial taxa. Some of them are already known for their plant-beneficial properties like the Actinobacteria Streptomyces, but interestingly, some Proteobacteria were also enriched after a water deficit history under conventional farming. Our approach allowed us to identify key microbial taxa promoting drought adaptation of cereals, thus improving our understanding of drought effects on plant-microbe interactions.
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=26094
Gebauer, L., Breitkreuz, C., Heintz-Buschart, A., Reitz, T., Buscot, F., Tarkka, M.T., Bouffaud, M.-L. (2022):
Water deficit history selects plant beneficial soil bacteria differently under conventional and organic farming
Front. Microbiol. 13 , art. 824437