|Title (Primary)||Psychopathological symptoms as precursors of depressive symptoms in adolescence: a prospective analysis of the GINIplus and LISA birth cohort studies|
|Author||Greimel, E.; Adams, L.; Zsigo, C.; Berdel, D.; von Berg, A.; Koletzko, S.; Bauer, C.-P.; Schikowski, T.; Herberth, G. ; Heinrich, J.; Schulte-Körne, G.; Standl, M.|
|Journal||Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology|
|Topic||T9 Healthy Planet|
|Keywords||Depressive symptoms; Adolescence; Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire; Prospective analysis; Epidemiology|
Depressive symptoms are highly prevalent in adolescence, highlighting the need for early identification of precursors. Research into psychopathological symptoms predicting depressive psychopathology in adolescents is therefore of great relevance. Moreover, given that the prevalence of depressive symptomatology in adolescence shows marked differences between girls and boys, insight into potential sex-specific differences in precursors is important.
This study examined the relationships between emotional problems, conduct problems, hyperactivity/inattention, peer problems, and difficulties in prosocial behaviour at age 10 (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire), and the presence of depressive symptoms at age 15 (Depression Screener for Teenagers). Using data from 2824 participants of the GINIplus and LISA birth cohorts, the association of each SDQ subscale at age 10 years with the presence of depressive symptoms at age 15 years was analyzed using sex-specific logistic regression, adjusting for potential confounders.
Emotional problems [odds ratio (OR) 1.99, p = 0.002 for boys and OR 1.77, p < 0.001 for girls] and peer problems (OR 2.62, p < 0.001 for boys, OR 1.91, p = 0.001 for girls) at age 10 showed an increased risk for the presence of depressive symptoms at age 15. Additionally, boys with conduct problems at age 10 were at greater risk of showing depressive symptoms in adolescence (OR 2.50, p < 0.001).
Based on the identified prospective relationships in our study, it might be of particular importance to tailor prevention approaches during childhood to peer and emotional problems to reduce the risk of depressive psychopathology in adolescence. Moreover, particularly in boys, it seems important to also target conduct problems in childhood as a precursor of depressive symptoms in the adolescent period.
|Persistent UFZ Identifier||https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=26088|
|Greimel, E., Adams, L., Zsigo, C., Berdel, D., von Berg, A., Koletzko, S., Bauer, C.-P., Schikowski, T., Herberth, G., Heinrich, J., Schulte-Körne, G., Standl, M. (2022):
Psychopathological symptoms as precursors of depressive symptoms in adolescence: a prospective analysis of the GINIplus and LISA birth cohort studies
Soc. Psychiatry Psychiatr. Epidemiol. 57 (8), 1627 - 1639