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Title (Primary) Insights into early-pregnancy mechanisms: Mast cells and chymase CMA1 shape the phenotype and modulate the functionality of human trophoblast cells, vascular smooth-muscle cells and endothelial cells
Author Zhang, N.; Schumacher, A.; Fink, B.; Bauer, M.; Zenclussen, A.C.; Meyer, N.
Journal Cells
Year 2022
Department IMMU
Volume 11
Issue 7
Page From art. 1158
Language englisch
Topic T9 Healthy Planet
Supplements https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4409/11/7/1158/s1
Keywords chymase CMA1; mast cells; spiral arteries; extravillous trophoblast cells; endothelial cells; vascular smooth-muscle cells; metalloproteinases; pregnancy
Abstract Spiral-artery (SA) remodeling is a fundamental process during pregnancy that involves the action of cells of the initial vessel, such as vascular smooth-muscle cells (VSMCs) and endothelial cells, but also maternal immune cells and fetal extravillous trophoblast cells (EVTs). Mast cells (MCs), and specifically chymase-expressing cells, have been identified as key to a sufficient SA-remodeling process in vivo. However, the mechanisms are still unclear. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of the MC line HMC-1 and recombinant human chymase (rhuCMA1) on human primary uterine vascular smooth-muscle cells (HUtSMCs), a human trophoblast cell line (HTR8/SV-neo), and human umbilical-vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) in vitro. Both HMC-1 and rhuCMA1 stimulated migration, proliferation, and changed protein expression in HUtSMCs. HMC-1 increased proliferation, migration, and changed gene expression of HTR8/SVneo cells, while rhuCMA treatment led to increased migration and decreased expression of tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases. Additionally, rhuCMA1 enhanced endothelial-cell-tube formation. Collectively, we identified possible mechanisms by which MCs/rhuCMA1 promote SA remodeling. Our findings are relevant to the understanding of this crucial step in pregnancy and thus of the dysregulated pathways that can lead to pregnancy complications such as fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia.
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=25954
Zhang, N., Schumacher, A., Fink, B., Bauer, M., Zenclussen, A.C., Meyer, N. (2022):
Insights into early-pregnancy mechanisms: Mast cells and chymase CMA1 shape the phenotype and modulate the functionality of human trophoblast cells, vascular smooth-muscle cells and endothelial cells
Cells 11 (7), art. 1158