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Title (Primary) Widespread ability of ligninolytic fungi to degrade hazardous organic pollutants as the basis for the self-purification ability of natural ecosystems and for mycoremediation technologies
Author Pozdnyakova, N.; Dubrovskaya, E.; Schlosser, D.; Kuznetsova, S.; Sigida, E.; Grinev, V.; Golubev, S.; Kryuchkova, E.; Varese, G.C.; Turkovskaya, O.
Journal Applied Sciences
Year 2022
Department UMB
Volume 12
Issue 4
Page From art. 2164
Topic T7 Bioeconomy
Supplements https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3417/12/4/2164/s1
Keywords fungi; biodegradation; hazardous pollutants; ligninolytic enzymes; emulsifying activity; mycoremediation
Abstract The ability of sixteen wood- and soil-inhabiting basidiomycete strains and four ascomycete strains to degrade the most hazardous, widespread, and persistent pollutants (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, oxyethylated nonylphenol, alkylphenol, anthraquinone-type synthetic dyes, and oil) was found. The disappearance of the pollutants, their main metabolites, and some adaptive properties (activities of ligninolytic enzymes, the production of emulsifying compounds and exopolysaccharides) were evaluated. The toxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons decreased during degradation. New data were obtained regarding (1) the dependence of the completeness of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degradation on the composition of the ligninolytic enzyme complex; (2) the degradation of neonol AF9-12 by higher fungi (different accessibilities of the oxyethyl chain and the aromatic ring of the molecules to different fungal genera); and (3) the production of an emulsifying agent in response to the presence in the cultivation medium of hydrophobic pollutants as the common property of wood- and soil-inhabiting basidiomycetes and ascomycetes. Promise for use in mycoremediation was shown in the wood-inhabiting basidiomycetes Pleurotus ostreatus f. Florida, Schizophyllum commune, Trametes versicolor MUT 3403, and Trametes versicolor DSM11372; the litter-decomposing basidiomycete Stropharia rugosoannulata; and the ascomycete Cladosporium herbarum. These fungi degrade a wide range of pollutants without accumulation of toxic metabolites and produce ligninolytic enzymes and emulsifying compounds.
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=25826
Pozdnyakova, N., Dubrovskaya, E., Schlosser, D., Kuznetsova, S., Sigida, E., Grinev, V., Golubev, S., Kryuchkova, E., Varese, G.C., Turkovskaya, O. (2022):
Widespread ability of ligninolytic fungi to degrade hazardous organic pollutants as the basis for the self-purification ability of natural ecosystems and for mycoremediation technologies
Appl. Sci. 12 (4), art. 2164