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Title (Primary) Honey bees and climate explain viral prevalence in wild bee communities on a continental scale
Author Piot, N.; Schweiger, O.; Meeus, I.; Yañez, O.; Straub, L.; Villamar-Bouza, L.; De la Rúa, P.; Jara, L.; Ruiz, C.; Malmstrøm, M.; Mustafa, S.; Nielsen, A.; Mänd, M.; Karise, R.; Tlak-Gajger, I.; Özgör, E.; Keskin, N.; Diévart, V.; Dalmon, A.; Gajda, A.; Neumann, P.; Smagghe, G.; Graystock, P.; Radzevičiūtė, R.; Paxton, R.J.; de Miranda, J.R.
Journal Scientific Reports
Year 2022
Department BZF; iDiv
Volume 12
Page From art. 1904
Language englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Supplements https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1038%2Fs41598-022-05603-2/MediaObjects/41598_2022_5603_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx
https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1038%2Fs41598-022-05603-2/MediaObjects/41598_2022_5603_MOESM2_ESM.pdf
Abstract Viruses are omnipresent, yet the knowledge on drivers of viral prevalence in wild host populations is often limited. Biotic factors, such as sympatric managed host species, as well as abiotic factors, such as climatic variables, are likely to impact viral prevalence. Managed and wild bees, which harbor several multi-host viruses with a mostly fecal–oral between-species transmission route, provide an excellent system with which to test for the impact of biotic and abiotic factors on viral prevalence in wild host populations. Here we show on a continental scale that the prevalence of three broad host viruses: the AKI-complex (Acute bee paralysis virus, Kashmir bee virus and Israeli acute paralysis virus), Deformed wing virus, and Slow bee paralysis virus in wild bee populations (bumble bees and solitary bees) is positively related to viral prevalence of sympatric honey bees as well as being impacted by climatic variables. The former highlights the need for good beekeeping practices, including Varroa destructor management to reduce honey bee viral infection and hive placement. Furthermore, we found that viral prevalence in wild bees is at its lowest at the extreme ends of both temperature and precipitation ranges. Under predicted climate change, the frequency of extremes in precipitation and temperature will continue to increase and may hence impact viral prevalence in wild bee communities.
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=25781
Piot, N., Schweiger, O., Meeus, I., Yañez, O., Straub, L., Villamar-Bouza, L., De la Rúa, P., Jara, L., Ruiz, C., Malmstrøm, M., Mustafa, S., Nielsen, A., Mänd, M., Karise, R., Tlak-Gajger, I., Özgör, E., Keskin, N., Diévart, V., Dalmon, A., Gajda, A., Neumann, P., Smagghe, G., Graystock, P., Radzevičiūtė, R., Paxton, R.J., de Miranda, J.R. (2022):
Honey bees and climate explain viral prevalence in wild bee communities on a continental scale
Sci. Rep. 12 , art. 1904