Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.5194/bg-19-477-2022
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) Spatially varying relevance of hydrometeorological hazards for vegetation productivity extremes
Author Kroll, J.; Denissen, J.M.C.; Migliavacca, M.; Li, W.; Hildebrandt, A.; Orth, R.
Journal Biogeosciences
Year 2022
Department CHS; iDiv
Volume 19
Issue 2
Page From 477
Page To 489
Language englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Data and Software links
Abstract Vegetation plays a vital role in the Earth system by sequestering carbon, producing food and oxygen, and providing evaporative cooling. Vegetation productivity extremes have multi-faceted implications, for example on crop yields or the atmospheric CO2 concentration. Here, we focus on productivity extremes as possible impacts of coinciding, potentially extreme hydrometeorological anomalies. Using monthly global satellite-based Sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence data as a proxy for vegetation productivity from 2007–2015, we show that vegetation productivity extremes are related to hydrometeorological hazards as characterized through ERA5-Land reanalysis data in approximately 50 % of our global study area. For the latter, we are considering sufficiently vegetated and cloud-free regions, and we refer to hydrometeorological hazards as water- or energy-related extremes inducing productivity extremes. The relevance of the different hazard types varies in space; temperature-related hazards dominate at higher latitudes with cold spells contributing to productivity minima and heat waves supporting productivity maxima, while water-related hazards are relevant in the (sub-)tropics with droughts being associated with productivity minima and wet spells with the maxima. Alongside single hazards compound events such as joint droughts and heat waves or joint wet and cold spells also play a role, particularly in dry and hot regions. Further, we detect regions where energy control transitions to water control between maxima and minima of vegetation productivity. Therefore, these areas represent hotspots of land–atmosphere coupling where vegetation efficiently translates soil moisture dynamics into surface fluxes such that the land affects near-surface weather. Overall, our results contribute to pinpointing how potential future changes in temperature and precipitation could propagate to shifting vegetation productivity extremes and related ecosystem services.
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Kroll, J., Denissen, J.M.C., Migliavacca, M., Li, W., Hildebrandt, A., Orth, R. (2022):
Spatially varying relevance of hydrometeorological hazards for vegetation productivity extremes
Biogeosciences 19 (2), 477 - 489