Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.bej.2021.108330
Title (Primary) Valorisation of microalgae residues after lipid extraction: Pyrolysis characteristics for biofuel production
Author Huang, Z.; Zhang, J.; Pan, M.; Hao, Y.; Hu, R.; Xiao, W.; Li, G.; Lyu, T.
Journal Biochemical Engineering Journal
Year 2022
Department SOMA
Volume 179
Page From art. 108330
Language englisch
Topic T7 Bioeconomy
Keywords Bioenergy; Pyrolysis pathways; Net-zero emission; Microalgae technology; Circular economy
Abstract As a promising source of renewable energy, biofuel from microalgae pyrolysis is seen as a competitive alternative to fossil fuels. However, currently, the widely applied pre-treatment process of lipid extraction results in large amounts of microalgae residues, which though with energy potential, being considered as process wastes and ignored of its re-utilization potential. In this study, a new workflow of biofuel generation from microalgae biomass through lipid extraction and pyrolysis of defatted microalgae residues was proposed and assessed. The effects of lipid extraction and pyrolysis temperature (350–750 ℃) on pyrolysis products were investigated, and pyrolysis pathways were postulated. To address the twin goals of lowering emission of pollutants and elevating energy products, an optimal pyrolysis temperature of 650 ℃ was suggested. After extraction of lipids, the relative contents of valuable products (aromatic, aliphatic hydrocarbons and fatty acids) and some harmful by-products, e.g., PAHs, significantly reduced, while other harmful substrates, e.g., nitrogen-compounds increased. Mechanistic investigations indicated that pyrolysis of proteins without the presence of lipids could promote higher production of nitrogen-containing organics and aromatics. These results reveal the effects of lipid extraction and variation of temperature on microalgal pyrolysis, and also provide a basis for full utilization of microalgae as an aid to alleviate many fossil energy problems.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Huang, Z., Zhang, J., Pan, M., Hao, Y., Hu, R., Xiao, W., Li, G., Lyu, T. (2022):
Valorisation of microalgae residues after lipid extraction: Pyrolysis characteristics for biofuel production
Biochem. Eng. J. 179 , art. 108330