|DOI / URL||link|
|Creative Commons Licence|
|Title (Primary)||Lifetime prevalence and determinants of hand eczema in an adolescent population in Germany: 15-year follow-up of the LISA cohort study|
|Author||Wang, J.; Tischer, C.; Standl, M.; Weidinger, S.; von Berg, A.; Herberth, G.; Yew, Y.W.; Heinrich, J.; Schmitt, J.; Apfelbacher, C.|
|Journal||Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology|
|Topic||T9 Healthy Planet|
|Keywords||adolescents; birth cohort; epidemiology; exogenous and endogenous factors; Germany; hand eczema; Lifetime prevalence|
Hand eczema is a common inflammatory skin disorder in both adolescence and adulthood.
We sought to assess the lifetime prevalence of hand eczema and associated exogenous and endogenous risk factors among adolescents in Germany.
This was a cross-sectional study embedded into a prospective population-based birth cohort in four regions of Germany, which recruited healthy neonates born between November 1997 and January 1999. We included 1,736 participants who had completed the 15-year follow-up from birth cohort and 84.6% (1,468/1,736) had clearly reported whether they have ever had hand eczema. All the data was based on questionnaires and blood tests (immunoglobulin E). Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to examine endogenous and exogenous factors in relation to the lifetime prevalence of hand eczema among adolescents.
1,468 adolescents (715 girls, 48.7%) were included in the final analysis. The lifetime prevalence of hand eczema among adolescents at the age of 15 was 10.4% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 8.9%–12.1%), with a significantly higher lifetime prevalence among girls than boys (12.7% vs. 8.2%, P = 0.005). Multivariable logistic regression analysis indicated statistically significant associations between the lifetime prevalence of hand eczema and having ever been diagnosed with atopic dermatitis (aOR = 1.8, 95% CI: 1.1–2.8) or having ever had dry skin (aOR=1.9, 95% CI: 1.1–3.1), respectively. No statistically significant independent associations were found between asthma, hay fever, allergy-related clinical symptoms, immunoglobulin E positivity and other exogenous factors in relation to hand eczema.
Our study fills a research gap on the epidemiological burden of hand eczema among adolescents. One out of ten ever suffered from hand eczema until age 15 years indicating that hand eczema constitutes a significant burden in pediatric populations. The role of atopic dermatitis in hand eczema reinforces previous findings. Exogenous risk factors warrant further investigation.
|Persistent UFZ Identifier||https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=25363|
|Wang, J., Tischer, C., Standl, M., Weidinger, S., von Berg, A., Herberth, G., Yew, Y.W., Heinrich, J., Schmitt, J., Apfelbacher, C. (2022):
Lifetime prevalence and determinants of hand eczema in an adolescent population in Germany: 15-year follow-up of the LISA cohort study
J. Eur. Acad. Dermatol. Venereol. 36 (4), 547 - 556