Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1002/ecm.1490
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) Spatiotemporal dynamics of abiotic and biotic properties explain biodiversity–ecosystem-functioning relationships
Author Gottschall, F.; Cesarz, S.; Auge, H.; Kovach, K.R.; Mori, A.S.; Nock, C.A.; Eisenhauer, N.
Journal Ecological Monographs
Year 2022
Department BZF; iDiv
Volume 92
Issue 1
Page From e01490
Language englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Data and Software links
Keywords Aboveground-belowground interactions; Biodiversity; Ecosystem functioning; Soil functions; Soil microbial properties; Spatio-temporal; Stability; Temperature; Tree species richness
Abstract There is increasing evidence that spatial and temporal dynamics of biodiversity and ecosystem functions play an essential role in biodiversity-ecosystem functioning (BEF) relationships. Despite the known importance of soil processes for forest ecosystems, belowground functions in response to tree diversity and spatio-temporal dynamics of ecological processes and conditions remain poorly described. We propose a novel conceptual framework integrating spatio-temporal dynamics in BEF relationships and hypothesized a positive tree species richness effect on soil ecosystem functions through the spatial and temporal stability of biotic and abiotic soil properties based on species complementarity and asynchrony. We tested this framework within a long-term tree diversity experiment in Central Germany by assessing soil ecosystem functions (soil microbial properties and litter decomposition) and abiotic variables (soil moisture and surface temperature) for two consecutive years in high spatial and temporal resolution. Tree species richness and identity had significant effects on soil properties (e.g., soil microbial biomass). Structural equation modeling revealed that overall soil microbial biomass was partly explained by (a) enhanced temporal stability of soil surface temperature and (b) decreased spatial stability of soil microbial biomass. Overall, spatial stability of soil microbial properties was positively correlated with their temporal stability. These results suggest that spatio-temporal dynamics are indeed crucial determinants in BEF relationships and highlight the importance of vegetation-induced microclimatic conditions for stable provisioning of soil ecosystem functions and services.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Gottschall, F., Cesarz, S., Auge, H., Kovach, K.R., Mori, A.S., Nock, C.A., Eisenhauer, N. (2022):
Spatiotemporal dynamics of abiotic and biotic properties explain biodiversity–ecosystem-functioning relationships
Ecol. Monogr. 92 (1), e01490