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Title (Primary) Assessing inputs of aquaculture-derived nutrients to streams using dissolved organic matter fluorescence
Author Ryan, K.A.; Palacios, L.C.; Encina, F.; Graeber, D.; Osorio, S.; Stubbins, A.; Woelfl, S.; Nimptsch, J.;
Journal Science of the Total Environment
Year 2022
Department ASAM;
Volume 807, Part 2
Language englisch;
Keywords Salmon aquaculture; Effluent; Eutrophication; Streams; Water pollution; Fluorescence sensors
Abstract Salmon aquaculture is an important economic activity globally where local freshwater supplies permit land-based salmon aquaculture facilities to cultivate early life stage salmon. Nitrogen, phosphorus and organic matter in aquaculture effluents contribute to the eutrophication of adjacent and downstream rivers and lakes. This study quantifies the enrichment of nutrients in land-based salmon aquaculture facility effluents compared to receiving waters. We measured nutrient concentrations and dissolved organic matter (DOM) quantity and quality via fluorescence spectroscopy in streams and effluent waters associated with 27 facilities in Chile. We found that facilities added on average 0.9 (s.d. = 2.0) mg-C L-1, 542 (s.d. = 637) μg-total N L-1, and 104 (s.d. = 104) μg-total P L-1 to effluents compared to stream waters. DOM in stream water was enriched in humic-like fluorescence, while aquaculture effluents were enriched in protein-like DOM fluorophores. Principal component and correlation analysis revealed that tryptophan-like fluorescence was a good predictor of total N and P in effluents, but the strength of significant linear relationships varied among individual facilities (r2: 0.2 to 0.9). Agreement between laboratory fluorescence and a portable fluorometer indicates the utility of in-situ sensors for monitoring of both tryptophan-like fluorescence and covarying nutrients in effluents. Thus, continuous in-situ sensors are likely to improve industry management and allow more robust estimates of aquaculture-derived nutrients delivered to receiving waters.
ID 25237
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Ryan, K.A., Palacios, L.C., Encina, F., Graeber, D., Osorio, S., Stubbins, A., Woelfl, S., Nimptsch, J. (2022):
Assessing inputs of aquaculture-derived nutrients to streams using dissolved organic matter fluorescence
Sci. Total Environ. 807, Part 2 , art. 150785