Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1111/geb.13371
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) Large-scale drivers of relationships between soil microbial properties and organic carbon across Europe
Author Smith, L.C.; Orgiazzi, A.; Eisenhauer, N.; Cesarz, S.; Lochner, A.; Jones, A.; Bastida, F.; Patoine, G.; Reitz, T.; Buscot, F.; Rillig, M.C.; Heintz-Buschart, A.; Lehmann, A.; Guerra, C.A.
Source Titel Global Ecology and Biogeography
Year 2021
Department BOOEK; iDiv
Volume 30
Issue 10
Page From 2070
Page To 2083
Language englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Data and Software links
Keywords climate change, croplands, Europe, land cover, soil carbon, soil microbial biomass, soil microbial respiration, structural equation modelling
Abstract Aim Quantify direct and indirect relationships between soil microbial community properties (potential basal respiration, microbial biomass) and abiotic factors (soil, climate) in three major land-cover types. Location Europe. Time period 2018. Major taxa studied Microbial community (fungi and bacteria). Methods We collected 881 soil samples from across Europe in the framework of the Land Use/Land Cover Area Frame Survey (LUCAS). We measured potential soil basal respiration at 20 oC and microbial biomass (substrate-induced respiration) using an O-2-microcompensation apparatus. Soil and climate data were obtained from the same LUCAS survey and online databases. Structural equation models (SEMs) were used to quantify relationships between variables, and equations extracted from SEMs were used to create predictive maps. Fatty acid methyl esters were measured in a subset of samples to distinguish fungal from bacterial biomass. Results Soil microbial properties in croplands were more heavily affected by climate variables than those in forests. Potential soil basal respiration and microbial biomass were correlated in forests but decoupled in grasslands and croplands, where microbial biomass depended on soil carbon. Forests had a higher ratio of fungi to bacteria than grasslands or croplands. Main conclusions Soil microbial communities in grasslands and croplands are likely carbon-limited in comparison with those in forests, and forests have a higher dominance of fungi indicating differences in microbial community composition. Notably, the often already-degraded soils of croplands could be more vulnerable to climate change than more natural soils. The provided maps show potentially vulnerable areas that should be explicitly accounted for in future management plans to protect soil carbon and slow the increasing vulnerability of European soils to climate change.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Smith, L.C., Orgiazzi, A., Eisenhauer, N., Cesarz, S., Lochner, A., Jones, A., Bastida, F., Patoine, G., Reitz, T., Buscot, F., Rillig, M.C., Heintz-Buschart, A., Lehmann, A., Guerra, C.A. (2021):
Large-scale drivers of relationships between soil microbial properties and organic carbon across Europe
Glob. Ecol. Biogeogr. 30 (10), 2070 - 2083 10.1111/geb.13371