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Title (Primary) Expression patterns and novel splicing variants of glutathione-S-transferase isoenzymes of human lung and hepatocyte cell lines
Author Bauer, M.; Herbarth, O.; Aust, G.; Hengstler, J.G.; Dotzauer, A.; Graebsch, C.; Schm├╝cking, E.;
Journal Cell and Tissue Research
Year 2006
Department STUDIEN; EXPOEPID;
Volume 324
Issue 3
Language englisch;
Keywords Glutathione-S-transferase; Alternatively splicing variant; Lung cell line; Hepatocyte cell lines; Human
Abstract Polymorphic glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzymes are involved in the metabolism of xenobiotics. They are of particular interest when studying disease susceptibility and adverse drug responses. The present work deals with the genetic polymorphisms and expression of the five GST classes (alpha, mu, pi, theta and zeta) in human lung and hepatocyte cell lines. We have determined their bioavailability for in vitro approaches. Common genetic polymorphisms of GSTM1 (*0, null), GSTT1 (*0) and GSTP1 (*A/*B, I105V) are detectable. The frequencies of the polymorphisms are within the expected range for a Caucasian population with one exception. The GSTM1*0 allele is 1.5-fold more frequent in lung cell lines. GST mRNAs are frequently but not uniformly distributed among unstimulated in vitro conditions. Lung cell lines show an approximately six-fold higher total GST transcript expression than hepatocyte cell lines. Additional GST transcripts have been identified for GSTT1; they represent alternative new splicing variants that occur in cancerous cell lines and in healthy lung tissue and blood. GST enzyme activity is mainly influenced by GSTP1. The activity promoted by 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene is significantly correlated to the GSTP1 mRNA expression level (R2=0.77, P<0.001). Individual human cell lines thus express GST isoenzymes in a similar pattern to human tissue. The most common genetic polymorphisms are present among the cell lines and have to be considered for in vitro stimulation approaches in a combinatory pattern.
ID 2483
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=2483
Bauer, M., Herbarth, O., Aust, G., Hengstler, J.G., Dotzauer, A., Graebsch, C., Schm├╝cking, E. (2006):
Expression patterns and novel splicing variants of glutathione-S-transferase isoenzymes of human lung and hepatocyte cell lines
Cell Tissue Res. 324 (3), 423 - 432