|A method for downscaling satellite soil moisture based on land surface temperature and net surface shortwave radiation
|Wang, Y.; Leng, P.; Ma, J.; Peng, J.
|IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters
|T5 Future Landscapes
|Land surface temperature, Land surface, Spatial resolution, Microwave theory and techniques, Microwave imaging, Temperature sensors, Optical sensors
|Due to the coarse spatial resolution of currently available microwave (mostly passive) soil moisture (SM) products, it is difficult to apply these SM data in watersheds or at local scales. To this end, a number of downscaling approaches have been developed to improve the spatial resolution of microwave SM products. Specifically, the optical-/thermal-based downscaling methods are most widely used in recent decades. However, such methods normally rely on instantaneous optical/thermal land surface parameters, which are commonly inapplicable under cloudy conditions. The purpose of this study is to develop a new downscaling method based on the temporal variation in geostationary satellite-derived land surface temperature and net surface shortwave radiation. The proposed method has a certain potential to improve data availability under cloudy conditions, because geostationary satellites are capable of providing land surface parameters at high temporal resolution. The proposed method was tested over the REMEDHUS network in Spain. The scaling strategy of cumulative distribution function matching was used to remove systematic differences in spatial mismatch between satellite pixels and in situ SM measurements. Results indicate that the downscaled SM agrees well with in situ measurements and has comparable accuracy with the original microwave SM product. The overall root mean square errors with the in situ measurements for the original microwave SM and the downscaled SM are 0.054 and 0.057 m³/m³, respectively. This method not only has a successful attempt to downscale microwave SM data using temporal information but also has the potential to avoid the failure of traditional instantaneous observations-based downscaling procedure due to clouds.
|Persistent UFZ Identifier
|Wang, Y., Leng, P., Ma, J., Peng, J. (2021):
A method for downscaling satellite soil moisture based on land surface temperature and net surface shortwave radiation
IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 19 , art. 3002105