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Title (Primary) The economic role and emergence of professional valuers in real estate markets
Author Bartke, S.; Schwarze, R.
Journal Land
Year 2021
Department OEKON
Volume 10
Issue 7
Page From art. 683
Language englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords transaction costs; asymmetric information; real estate services; land value
Abstract Land is a scarce resource. It is usually traded as real estate, an economic good with a market value. Often, this market value is not negotiated simply between the seller and the potential buyer, but is based on an assessment performed by a professional valuer, known as a surveyor or appraiser. This article questions the economic role and the emergence of valuers in real estate markets. An institutionally embedded framework for valuation intermediation is developed that elucidates a multi-tiered imperfect information cascade. First, valuers are understood as middlemen, counteracting information uncertainties regarding product quality, namely real estate herein. An additional constraint is constituted by information asymmetries between the valuer and the contractor. The contribution presents a conceptual integration of theories of price formation (and regulation) and theories of intermediation. Investigating new institutional economics concepts considering the emergence of professional associations and the specific formal and informal regulation of nature-related transactions, the contribution then discusses how the valuation professional with regularizations evolves as a superior institutional response to this cascade of information imperfections.
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Bartke, S., Schwarze, R. (2021):
The economic role and emergence of professional valuers in real estate markets
Land 10 (7), art. 683