Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1021/acs.est.0c07772
Title (Primary) Suspended particulate matter—A source or sink for chemical mixtures of organic micropollutants in a small river under baseflow conditions?
Author Niu, L.; Ahlheim, J.; Glaser, C.; Gunold, R.; Henneberger, L.; König, M.; Krauss, M. ORCID logo ; Schwientek, M.; Zarfl, C.; Escher, B.I.
Source Titel Environmental Science & Technology
Year 2021
Department WANA; ZELLTOX
Volume 55
Issue 8
Page From 5106
Page To 5116
Language englisch
Topic T9 Healthy Planet
Supplements https://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/acs.est.0c07772/suppl_file/es0c07772_si_001.pdf
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/acs.est.0c07772/suppl_file/es0c07772_si_002.xlsx
Abstract Suspended particulate matter (SPM) plays an important role in the fate of organic micropollutants in rivers during rain events, when sediments are remobilized and turbid runoff components enter the rivers. Under baseflow conditions, the SPM concentration is low and the contribution of SPM-bound contaminants to the overall risk of organic contaminants in rivers is assumed to be negligible. To challenge this assumption, we explored if SPM may act as a source or sink for all or specific groups of organic chemicals in a small river. The concentrations of over 600 contaminants and the mixture effects stemming from all chemicals in in vitro bioassays were measured for river water, SPM, and the surface sediment after solid-phase extraction or exhaustive solvent extraction. The bioavailable fractions of chemicals and mixture effects were estimated after passive equilibrium sampling of enriched SPM slurries and sediments in the lab. Dissolved compounds dominated the total chemical burden in the water column (water plus SPM) of the river, whereas SPM-bound chemicals contributed up to 46% of the effect burden even if the SPM concentration in rivers was merely 1 mg/L. The equilibrium between water and SPM was still not reached under low-flow conditions with SPM as a source of water contamination. The ratios of SPM-associated to sediment-associated neutral and hydrophobic chemicals as well as the ratios of the mixture effects expressed as bioanalytical equivalent concentrations were close to 1, suggesting that the surface sediment can be used as a proxy for SPM under baseflow conditions when the sampling of a large amount of water to obtain sufficient SPM cannot be realized.
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=24724
Niu, L., Ahlheim, J., Glaser, C., Gunold, R., Henneberger, L., König, M., Krauss, M., Schwientek, M., Zarfl, C., Escher, B.I. (2021):
Suspended particulate matter—A source or sink for chemical mixtures of organic micropollutants in a small river under baseflow conditions?
Environ. Sci. Technol. 55 (8), 5106 - 5116 10.1021/acs.est.0c07772