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Title (Primary) A biogeochemical–hydrological framework for the role of redox-active compounds in aquatic systems
Author Peiffer, S.; Kappler, A.; Haderlein, S.B.; Schmidt, C.; Byrne, J.M.; Kleindienst, S.; Vogt, C.; Richnow, H.H.; Obst, M.; Angenent, L.T.; Bryce, C.; McCammon, C.; Planer-Friedrich, B.
Journal Nature Geoscience
Year 2021
Department ISOBIO
Volume 14
Issue 5
Page From 264
Page To 272
Language englisch
Topic T8 Georesources
Keywords Biogeochemistry; Ecology; Hydrology
Abstract Redox-driven biogeochemical element cycles play a central role in converting organic matter in aquatic ecosystems. They also perform key functions such as removing nitrate, mitigating the formation of greenhouse gases and weakening the effects of contaminants. Recent research has revealed the presence of redox-active compounds in these ecosystems with hitherto unknown redox properties. These substances are metastable (that is, non-equilibrium solid phases), which can both donate and accept electrons. They are highly redox reactive and recyclable and may act as biogeobatteries by temporarily storing electrons. Their lifetime, however, is limited, and with time they become more crystalline and less reactive. In this Review, we argue that these redox-active metastable phases require activation by fluctuating redox conditions to maintain their high reactivity. In aquatic ecosystems, switching between oxidizing and reducing conditions can be achieved only through hydrological perturbations at hydrological interfaces (for example, water level fluctuations). We present a novel framework that links microscale biogeochemical processes to large-scale hydrological processes, and discuss implications and future research directions for biogeochemical element cycles in aquatic systems exposed to frequent hydrological disturbances.
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=24675
Peiffer, S., Kappler, A., Haderlein, S.B., Schmidt, C., Byrne, J.M., Kleindienst, S., Vogt, C., Richnow, H.H., Obst, M., Angenent, L.T., Bryce, C., McCammon, C., Planer-Friedrich, B. (2021):
A biogeochemical–hydrological framework for the role of redox-active compounds in aquatic systems
Nat. Geosci. 14 (5), 264 - 272