||Urban green space soundscapes and their perceived restorativeness
||Uebel, K.; Marselle, M.; Dean, A.J.; Rhodes, J.R.; Bonn, A.
||People and Nature
||T5 Future Landscapes
|Data and Software links
||bird sounds; perceived restorativeness; soundscapes; traffic noise; urban parks
- The positive influence of urban green spaces on human
health and well-being is well known while the pathways are little
understood. Past research has largely focused on visual stimuli, yet the
auditory pathway is also an important means for contact with nature.
- The sonic environments of urban green spaces,
however, are rarely entirely natural and many differ in their
composition of natural sounds and anthropogenic noise. Few studies have
investigated how these differences may impact the restorative potential
of these soundscapes and, in particular, how the presence of traffic
noise may constrain the benefits of natural sounds.
- To address this gap, we examined differences in the
perceived restorativeness and perceived restorative outcomes across a
gradient of eight park soundscapes that differed in bird and traffic
sounds. In a laboratory setting, 162 participants listened to sound
samples and reported on perceptions of the soundscapes and restorative
potential and outcomes.
- The results strongly indicate that park soundscapes
with a rich array of perceived bird sounds and minimal perceived traffic
noise offer the greatest perceived restoration. Traffic noise was found
to moderate the positive effect of bird sounds. The duration of time
lived in the city and noise sensitivity were also positively associated
with greater perceived restorative benefits while noise-sensitive people
were also more negatively affected by traffic noise.
- The promotion of highly natural soundscapes in urban
green spaces and the reduction of traffic noise can provide nature-based
solutions to human health and well-being in urban areas.
|Persistent UFZ Identifier
|Uebel, K., Marselle, M., Dean, A.J., Rhodes, J.R., Bonn, A. (2021):
Urban green space soundscapes and their perceived restorativeness
People Nat. 3 (3), 756 - 769