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Title (Primary) Mixing tree species associated with arbuscular or ectotrophic mycorrhizae reveals dual mycorrhization and interactive effects on the fungal partners
Author Heklau, H.; Schindler, N.; Buscot, F.; Eisenhauer, N.; Ferlian, O.; Prada Salcedo, L.D.; Bruelheide, H.;
Journal Ecology and Evolution
Year 2021
Department BOOEK; iDiv;
Volume 11
Issue 10
Language englisch;
Supplements https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/action/downloadSupplement?doi=10.1002%2Fece3.7437&file=ece37437-sup-0001-AppendixS1.docx
Keywords arbuscular mycorrhiza; biodiversity‐ecosystem functioning experiment; chernozem; dual mycorrhization; ectomycorrhiza; multi‐trophic interaction; next‐generation sequencing
Abstract
  1. Recent studies found that the majority of shrub and tree species are associated with both arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) and ectomycorrhizal (EM) fungi. However, our knowledge on how different mycorrhizal types interact with each other is still limited. We asked whether the combination of hosts with a preferred association with either AM or EM fungi increases the host tree roots’ mycorrhization rate and affects AM and EM fungal richness and community composition.
  2. We established a tree diversity experiment, where five tree species of each of the two mycorrhiza types were planted in monocultures, two‐species and four‐species mixtures. We applied morphological assessment to estimate mycorrhization rates and next‐generation molecular sequencing to quantify mycobiont richness.
  3. Both the morphological and molecular assessment revealed dual‐mycorrhizal colonization in 79% and 100% of the samples, respectively. OTU community composition strongly differed between AM and EM trees. While host tree species richness did not affect mycorrhization rates, we observed significant effects of mixing AM‐ and EM‐associated hosts in AM mycorrhization rate. Glomeromycota richness was larger in monotypic AM tree combinations than in AM‐EM mixtures, pointing to a dilution or suppression effect of AM by EM trees. We found a strong match between morphological quantification of AM mycorrhization rate and Glomeromycota richness.
  4. Synthesis. We provide evidence that the combination of hosts differing in their preferred mycorrhiza association affects the host's fungal community composition, thus revealing important biotic interactions among trees and their associated fungi.
ID 24508
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=24508
Heklau, H., Schindler, N., Buscot, F., Eisenhauer, N., Ferlian, O., Prada Salcedo, L.D., Bruelheide, H. (2021):
Mixing tree species associated with arbuscular or ectotrophic mycorrhizae reveals dual mycorrhization and interactive effects on the fungal partners
Ecol. Evol. 11 (10), 5424 - 5440