Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1007/s10533-021-00753-3
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) How humans alter dissolved organic matter composition in freshwater: relevance for the Earth’s biogeochemistry
Author Xenopoulos, M.A.; Barnes, R.T.; Boodoo, K.S.; Butman, D.; Catalán, N.; D’Amario, S.C.; Fasching, C.; Kothawala, D.N.; Pisani, O.; Solomon, C.T.; Spencer, R.G.M.; Williams, C.J.; Wilson, H.F.
Journal Biogeochemistry
Year 2021
Department BOOEK
Volume 154
Issue 2
Page From 323
Page To 348
Language englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords Dissolved organic matter composition; Climate change; Land use change; Biogeochemical processes; Ecosystem function
Abstract Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is recognized for its importance in freshwater ecosystems, but historical reliance on DOM quantity rather than indicators of DOM composition has led to an incomplete understanding of DOM and an underestimation of its role and importance in biogeochemical processes. A single sample of DOM can be composed of tens of thousands of distinct molecules. Each of these unique DOM molecules has their own chemical properties and reactivity or role in the environment. Human activities can modify DOM composition and recent research has uncovered distinct DOM pools laced with human markers and footprints. Here we review how land use change, climate change, nutrient pollution, browning, wildfires, and dams can change DOM composition which in turn will affect internal processing of freshwater DOM. We then describe how human-modified DOM can affect biogeochemical processes. Drought, wildfires, cultivated land use, eutrophication, climate change driven permafrost thaw, and other human stressors can shift the composition of DOM in freshwater ecosystems increasing the relative contribution of microbial-like and aliphatic components. In contrast, increases in precipitation may shift DOM towards more relatively humic-rich, allochthonous forms of DOM. These shifts in DOM pools will likely have highly contrasting effects on carbon outgassing and burial, nutrient cycles, ecosystem metabolism, metal toxicity, and the treatments needed to produce clean drinking water. A deeper understanding of the links between the chemical properties of DOM and biogeochemical dynamics can help to address important future environmental issues, such as the transfer of organic contaminants through food webs, alterations to nitrogen cycling, impacts on drinking water quality, and biogeochemical effects of global climate change.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Xenopoulos, M.A., Barnes, R.T., Boodoo, K.S., Butman, D., Catalán, N., D’Amario, S.C., Fasching, C., Kothawala, D.N., Pisani, O., Solomon, C.T., Spencer, R.G.M., Williams, C.J., Wilson, H.F. (2021):
How humans alter dissolved organic matter composition in freshwater: relevance for the Earth’s biogeochemistry
Biogeochemistry 154 (2), 323 - 348