Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.mec.2020.e00155
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) Trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline production by the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803
Author Brandenburg, F.; Theodosiou, E.; Bertelmann, C.; Grund, M.; Klähn, S.; Schmid, A.; Krömer, J.O.
Source Titel Metabolic Engineering Communications
Year 2021
Department SOMA
Volume 12
Page From e00155
Language englisch
Topic T7 Bioeconomy
Keywords Cyanobacteria; TCA cycle; trans-4-Hydroxy-L-proline; Proline-4-hydroxylase; pH; Land use
UFZ wide themes MIKAT;
Abstract Cyanobacteria play an important role in photobiotechnology. Yet, one of their key central metabolic pathways, the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, has a unique architecture compared to most heterotrophs and still remains largely unexploited. The conversion of 2-oxoglutarate to succinate via succinyl-CoA is absent but is by-passed by several other reactions. Overall, fluxes under photoautotrophic growth conditions through the TCA cycle are low, which has implications for the production of chemicals. In this study, we investigate the capacity of the TCA cycle of Synechocystis sp PCC 6803 for the production of trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline (Hyp), a valuable chiral building block for the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. For the first time, photoautotrophic Hyp production was achieved in a cyanobacterium expressing the gene for the L-proline-4-hydroxylase (P4H) from Dactylosporangium sp. strain RH1. Interestingly, while elevated intracellular Hyp concentrations could be detected in the recombinant Synechocystis strains under all tested conditions, detectable Hyp secretion into the medium was only observed when the pH of the medium exceeded 9.5 and mostly in the late phases of the cultivation. We compared the rates obtained for autotrophic Hyp production with published sugar-based production rates in E. coli. The land-use efficiency (space-time yield) of the phototrophic process is already in the same order of magnitude as the heterotrophic process considering sugar farming as well. But, the remarkable plasticity of the cyanobacterial TCA cycle promises the potential for a 23–55 fold increase in space-time yield when using Synechocystis. Altogether, these findings contribute to a better understanding of bioproduction from the TCA cycle in photoautotrophs and broaden the spectrum of chemicals produced in metabolically engineered cyanobacteria.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Brandenburg, F., Theodosiou, E., Bertelmann, C., Grund, M., Klähn, S., Schmid, A., Krömer, J.O. (2021):
Trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline production by the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803
Metab. Eng. Commun. 12 , e00155 10.1016/j.mec.2020.e00155