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Title (Primary) The media composition as a crucial element in high-throughput metabolic network reconstruction
Author Borer, B.; Magnúsdóttir, S.
Journal Interface Focus
Year 2023
Department UMB
Volume 13
Issue 2
Page From art. 20220070
Language englisch
Topic T7 Bioeconomy
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Keywords metagenome-assembled genomes; high-throughput reconstruction; KBase; genome-scale metabolic networks; amino acid auxotrophies; automated gap filling
Abstract In recent years, metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) have provided glimpses into the intra- and interspecies genetic diversity and interactions that form the bases of complex microbial communities. High-throughput reconstruction of genome-scale metabolic networks (GEMs) from MAGs is a promising avenue to disentangle the myriad trophic interactions stabilizing these communities. However, high-throughput reconstruction of GEMs relies on accurate gap filling of metabolic pathways using automated algorithms. Here, we systematically explore how the composition of the media (specification of the available nutrients and metabolites) during gap filling influences the resulting GEMs concerning predicted auxotrophies for fully sequenced model organisms and environmental isolates. We expand this analysis by using 106 MAGs from the same species with differing quality. We find that although the completeness of MAGs influences the fraction of gap-filled reactions, the composition of the media plays the dominant role in the accurate prediction of auxotrophies that form the basis of myriad community interactions. We propose that constraining the media composition for gap filling through both experimental approaches and computational approaches will increase the reliability of high-throughput reconstruction of genome-scale metabolic models from MAGs and paves the way for culture independent prediction of trophic interactions in complex microbial communities.
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Borer, B., Magnúsdóttir, S. (2023):
The media composition as a crucial element in high-throughput metabolic network reconstruction
Interface Focus 13 (2), art. 20220070