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Title (Primary) Impact forecasting to support emergency management of natural hazards
Author Merz, B.; Kuhlicke, C.; Kunz, M.; Pittore, M.; Babeyko, A.; Bresch, D.N.; Domeisen, D.I.V.; Feser, F.; Koszalka, I.; Kreibich, H.; Pantillon, F.; Parolai, S.; Pinto, J.-G.; Punge, H.J.; Rivalta, E.; Schröter, K.; Strehlow, K.; Weisse, R.; Wurpts, A.
Journal Reviews of Geophysics
Year 2020
Department SUSOZ
Volume 58
Issue 4
Page From e2020RG000704
Language englisch
Keywords Impact forecasting; Natural hazards; Early warning
Abstract

Forecasting and early warning systems are important investments to protect lives, properties and livelihood. While early warning systems are frequently used to predict the magnitude, location and timing of potentially damaging events, these systems rarely provide impact estimates, such as the expected amount and distribution of physical damage, human consequences, disruption of services or financial loss. Complementing early warning systems with impact forecasts has a two‐fold advantage: it would provide decision makers with richer information to take informed decisions about emergency measures, and focus the attention of different disciplines on a common target. This would allow capitalizing on synergies between different disciplines and boosting the development of multi‐hazard early warning systems. This review discusses the state‐of‐the‐art in impact forecasting for a wide range of natural hazards. We outline the added value of impact‐based warnings compared to hazard forecasting for the emergency phase, indicate challenges and pitfalls, and synthesize the review results across hazard types most relevant for Europe.

Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=23600
Merz, B., Kuhlicke, C., Kunz, M., Pittore, M., Babeyko, A., Bresch, D.N., Domeisen, D.I.V., Feser, F., Koszalka, I., Kreibich, H., Pantillon, F., Parolai, S., Pinto, J.-G., Punge, H.J., Rivalta, E., Schröter, K., Strehlow, K., Weisse, R., Wurpts, A. (2020):
Impact forecasting to support emergency management of natural hazards
Rev. Geophys. 58 (4), e2020RG000704