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Title (Primary) Combined application of Bacillus sp. MN-54 and phosphorus improved growth and reduced lead uptake by maize in the lead-contaminated soil
Author Afzal, M.J.; Khan, M.I.; Cheema, S.A.; Hussain, S.; Anwar-ul-Haq, M.; Ali, M.H.; Naveed, M.
Journal Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Year 2020
Department ISOBIO
Volume 27
Issue 35
Page From 44528
Page To 44539
Language englisch
Supplements https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1007%2Fs11356-020-10372-4/MediaObjects/11356_2020_10372_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Keywords Heavy metals; Toxicity; Phytoremediation; Bacillus sp. MN-54; Phosphorus; Maize
Abstract Lead (Pb) is considered an important environmental contaminant due to its considerable toxicity to living organisms. It can enter and accumulate in plant tissues and become part of the food chain. In the present study, individual and combined effects of Bacillus sp. MN-54 and phosphorus (P) on maize growth and physiology were evaluated in Pb-contaminated soil. A pristine soil was artificially contaminated with two levels of Pb (i.e., 250 and 500 mg kg−1 dry soil) and was transferred to plastic pots. Bacillus sp. MN-54 treated and untreated maize (DK-6714) seeds were planted in pots. Recommended doses of nutrients (N and K) were applied in each pot while P was applied in selective pots. Results showed that Pb stress hampered the maize growth and physiological attributes in a concentration-dependent manner, and significant reductions in seedling emergence, shoot and root lengths, fresh and dry biomasses, leaf area, chlorophyll content, rate of photosynthesis, and stomatal conductance were recorded compared with control. Application of Bacillus sp. MN-54 or P particularly in combination significantly reduced the toxic effects of Pb on maize. At higher Pb level (500 mg kg−1), the combined application effectively reduced Pb uptake up to 42.4% and 50% by shoots, 30.8% and 33.9% by roots, and 18.4% and 26.2% in available Pb content in soil after 45 days and 90 days, respectively compared with that of control. Moreover, the use of Bacillus sp. MN-54 significantly improved the P uptake by maize plants by 44.4% as compared with that of control. Our findings suggest that the combined use of Bacillus sp. MN-54 and P could be effective and helpful in improving plant growth and Pb immobilization in Pb-contaminated soil.
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=23575
Afzal, M.J., Khan, M.I., Cheema, S.A., Hussain, S., Anwar-ul-Haq, M., Ali, M.H., Naveed, M. (2020):
Combined application of Bacillus sp. MN-54 and phosphorus improved growth and reduced lead uptake by maize in the lead-contaminated soil
Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 27 (35), 44528 - 44539