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Title (Primary) Addressing behavior in pollinator conservation policies to combat the implementation gap
Author Marselle, M.; Turbe, A.; Shwartz, A.; Bonn, A.; Colléony, A.;
Journal Conservation Biology
Year 2020
Department iDiv; ESS;
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T12;
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Keywords agent of change; behavior change; Behaviour Change Wheel; biodiversity; intervention; policy targets; psychology
Abstract Solutions for conserving biodiversity lie in changing people's behavior. Ambitious international and national conservation policies frequently fail in effective implementation to mitigate biodiversity loss, as they rarely use behavior change theories. In this paper, we conduct a gap analysis of conservation behavior change interventions advocated in national conservation strategies using the Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW), a comprehensive framework for systematically characterizing and designing behavior change interventions. Using pollinator conservation as a case study, we analyze and categorize the conservation actions listed in national pollinator initiatives against the intervention functions and policy categories of the BCW. The study aims to identify which intervention functions and policy categories are emphasized or lacking, and to classify the intervention targets and agents of change for pollinator conservation. We searched for all national‐level policy documents from the EU in March 2019 focusing on the conservation of pollinators (n = 8). Conservation actions for pollinators were coded using in‐depth directed content analysis, guided by the BCW. A total of 610 conservation actions were coded in the eight pollinator initiatives, resulting in the identification of 787 intervention function and 766 policy category codes. We find that these initiatives failed to employ the whole breadth of behavioral interventions. Interventions most frequently identified were education (23%) and environmental restructuring (19%). Whereas, coercion was completely absent, and other behavioral interventions such as restriction (2%) or incentivization (3%) under‐used. Importantly, 41% of all pollinator conservation actions failed to identify the intervention target. Building on these analyses, we discuss reasons for the implementation gaps of conservation policies, and provide recommendations how to underpin effective future conservation policy goals with behavior change interventions.
ID 23290
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=23290
Marselle, M., Turbe, A., Shwartz, A., Bonn, A., Colléony, A. (2020):
Addressing behavior in pollinator conservation policies to combat the implementation gap
Conserv. Biol.