Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.3897/zookeys.938.50878
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) A complete time-calibrated multi-gene phylogeny of the European butterflies
Author Wiemers, M. ORCID logo ; Chazot, N.; Wheat, C.W.; Schweiger, O.; Wahlberg, N.
Source Titel ZooKeys
Year 2020
Department BZF
Volume 938
Page From 97
Page To 124
Language englisch
Data and Software links
Keywords Butterflies of Europe; divergence times; macroecology; phylogeny; time tree
Abstract With the aim of supporting ecological analyses in butterflies, the third most species-rich superfamily of
Lepidoptera, this paper presents the first time-calibrated phylogeny of all 496 extant butterfly species in
Europe, including 18 very localised endemics for which no public DNA sequences had been available previously. It is based on a concatenated alignment of the mitochondrial gene COI and up to eleven nuclear
gene fragments, using Bayesian inferences of phylogeny. To avoid analytical biases that could result from
our region-focussed sampling, our European tree was grafted upon a global genus-level backbone butterfly
phylogeny for analyses. In addition to a consensus tree, the posterior distribution of trees and the fully
concatenated alignment are provided for future analyses. Altogether a complete phylogenetic framework
of European butterflies for use by the ecological and evolutionary communities is presented.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Wiemers, M., Chazot, N., Wheat, C.W., Schweiger, O., Wahlberg, N. (2020):
A complete time-calibrated multi-gene phylogeny of the European butterflies
ZooKeys 938 , 97 - 124 10.3897/zookeys.938.50878