Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1111/geb.13672
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Title (Primary) Restricted power: Can microorganisms maintain soil organic matter stability under warming exceeding 2 degrees?
Author Zhou, J.; Wen, Y.; Rillig, M.C.; Shi, L.; Dippold, M.A.; Zeng, Z.; Kuzyakov, Y.; Zang, H.; Jones, D.L.; Blagodatskaya, E.
Source Titel Global Ecology and Biogeography
Year 2023
Department BOOEK
Volume 32
Issue 6
Page From 919
Page To 930
Language englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords climate change; enzyme; meta-analysis; microbial growth; soil organic carbon; warming magnitude
Abstract Aim The Paris Climate Agreement is pursuing efforts to limit global warming to less than 2 °C in this century, but increasing evidence shows that temperatures are likely to rise up to 4.8 °C by 2100. This points to an urgent need to investigate how the temperature impact on microbial regulation will endanger soil organic matter stability under warming approaching or exceeding 2 °C.
Location Southern Germany and the globe.
Time Period 2010–2018.
Major Taxa Studied Soil organic matter stability and microbial adaptations.
Methods We analyzed soil properties and enzyme activities within (a) a long-term field experiment with soil warming to below and above 2 °C (+1.6 vs. +3.2 °C), and (b) a literature review of 213 comparable studies globally (+0–2 vs. +2–4 °C).
Results The soil organic C (SOC) stock remained unchanged after 8 years under both warming magnitudes, whereas the labile C pool increased by 10% under >2 °C. Unlike the SOC pool, total N (TN) content increased by 20% under >2 °C as compared to ambient. A potential explanation for the increased TN content is linked to unbalanced processes of necromass formation and enzymatic decomposition. Warming induced faster microbial growth and turnover, but reduced catalytic efficiency and the enzyme-mediated decomposition of oligosaccharides and polypeptides. This consequently caused N accumulation in microbial necromass. Although microbial regulation can maintain SOC at stable levels, warming exceeding 2 °C will change the projected effects of temperature on soil TN pools in the future. Early action to accomplish the 2 °C temperature goal can therefore markedly reduce the likelihood that large regions will face substantial increase of SOC availability, N accumulation and related climate impacts on C and N cycling.
Main Conclusions It is crucial to include microbial metabolic responses (i.e., faster microbial growth and turnover) to warming in global C and N cycle models to improve the prediction of climate warming scenarios.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Zhou, J., Wen, Y., Rillig, M.C., Shi, L., Dippold, M.A., Zeng, Z., Kuzyakov, Y., Zang, H., Jones, D.L., Blagodatskaya, E. (2023):
Restricted power: Can microorganisms maintain soil organic matter stability under warming exceeding 2 degrees?
Glob. Ecol. Biogeogr. 32 (6), 919 - 930 10.1111/geb.13672