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Title (Primary) Fast alterations of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and that of its receptors (Flt-1, Flk-1 and Neuropilin) in the cochlea of guinea pigs after moderate noise exposure
Author Selivanova, O.; Heinrich, U.R.; Brieger, J.; Feltens, R.; Mann, W.;
Journal European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Year 2007
Department IMMU;
Volume 264
Issue 2
Language englisch;
Keywords VEGF; FLT; FLK; Neuropilin; Cochlea
Abstract Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a vascular permeability regulating, proangiogenic factor with neuroprotective properties. Its expression in the inner ear has been demonstrated, but little is known concerning its subcellular distribution or potential involvement in sound perception and adaptation to noise. Therefore, we determined the expression patterns and levels of VEGF and the three VEGF-receptors FLK, FLT and Neuropilin in the cochlea of guinea pigs, and examined the alterations occurring after noise exposure. After 70 dB exposure, VEGF expression was found to be reduced in all cell types of the organ of Corti, in the stria vascularis and in spiral ganglion cells. Additional down-regulation was observed in the spiral ligament and in interdental cells after 90 dB. In contrast, VEGF showed an in tendency increased level after both intensities in nerve fibers of the osseous spiral lamina. Expression of FLT was affected similarly, showing down-regulation after 70 and 90 dB on spiral ganglion cells, the nerve fibers of the osseous spiral lamina and on Deiters cells. Additionally, down-regulation was observed in the remaining cell types of the organ of Corti, the stria vascularis, the spiral ligament and the interdental cells. The Neuropilin levels remained unchanged by our experiments; apart from the blood vessel endothelium, there was no detectable expression in any of the cell types investigated. The FLK expression pattern was likewise unaffected by exposure to 70 or 90 dB, with the notable exception of an increased level occurring in Schwann cells after 90 dB. We postulate that modulation of VEGF and its receptors may be part of a neuroprotective mechanism in response to noise.
ID 2310
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=2310
Selivanova, O., Heinrich, U.R., Brieger, J., Feltens, R., Mann, W. (2007):
Fast alterations of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and that of its receptors (Flt-1, Flk-1 and Neuropilin) in the cochlea of guinea pigs after moderate noise exposure
Eur. Arch. Oto-Rhino-Laryn. 264 (2), 121 - 128