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Title (Primary) Source-related smart suspect screening in the aqueous environment: search for tire-derived persistent and mobile trace organic contaminants in surface waters
Author Seiwert, B.; Klöckner, P.; Wagner, S.; Reemtsma, T.;
Journal Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Year 2020
Department ANA;
Volume 412
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T41;
Supplements https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1007%2Fs00216-020-02653-1/MediaObjects/216_2020_2653_MOESM1_ESM.pdf
Keywords Traffic; PMT; Rivers; Vulcanization accelerator; Leachables; Rainfall
Abstract A variant of suspect screening by liquid chromatography–high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) is proposed in this study: Samples of a potential source of contamination and of an environmental sample close to this source are first analyzed in a non-targeted manner to select source-related suspects and to identify them. The suspect list compiled from such an exercise is then applied to LC-HRMS data of environmental samples to ascribe and to identify persistent and mobile contaminants in the water cycle that may originate from the source under study. This approach was applied to tire crumb rubber (source) and road dust (close to source); by comparison of the two data sets, 88% of the features detected in tire leachate could be excluded. Of the 48 suspects remaining, a total of 41 could be tentatively identified as either related to hexamethoxymethyl melamine or cyclic amines, benzothiazoles, or glycols. Subsequently, environmental samples were searched for these suspects: 85% were determined in an urban creek after a combined sewer overflow and 67% in the influent of a municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). These exceptionally high rates of positive findings prove that this source-related smart suspect screening effectively directs the effort of selecting and identifying unknown contaminants to those related to the source of interest. The WWTP effluent and the urban creek during dry weather also showed the presence of numerous contaminants that may stem from tire and road wear particles (TRWP) in road runoff. Contribution from other sources, however, cannot be ruled out.
ID 23079
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=23079
Seiwert, B., Klöckner, P., Wagner, S., Reemtsma, T. (2020):
Source-related smart suspect screening in the aqueous environment: search for tire-derived persistent and mobile trace organic contaminants in surface waters
Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 412 , 4909 - 4919