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Title (Primary) Transcriptomic and proteomic responses of the organohalide-respiring bacterium Desulfoluna spongiiphila to growth with 2,6-dibromophenol as the electron acceptor
Author Liu, J.; Adrian, L.; Häggblom, M.M.;
Journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Year 2020
Department UBT;
Volume 86
Issue 5
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T41;
Keywords organohalide respiration; dehalogenation; proteome; sulfate reduction; transcriptome
Abstract

Organohalide respiration is an important process in the global halogen cycle and for bioremediation. In this study, we compared the global transcriptomic and proteomic analyses of Desulfoluna spongiiphila strain AA1, an organohalide-respiring member of the Desulfobacterota isolated from a marine sponge, with 2,6-dibromophenol or with sulfate as an electron acceptor. The most significant difference of the transcriptomic analysis was the expression of one reductive dehalogenase gene cluster (rdh16), which was significantly upregulated with the addition of 2,6-dibromophenol. The corresponding protein, reductive dehalogenase RdhA16032, was detected in the proteome under treatment with 2,6-dibromophenol but not with sulfate only. There was no significant difference in corrinoid biosynthesis gene expression levels between the two treatments, indicating that the production of corrinoid in D. spongiiphila is constitutive or not specific for organohalide versus sulfate respiration. Electron-transporting proteins or mediators unique for reductive dehalogenation were not revealed in our analysis, and we hypothesize that reductive dehalogenation may share an electron-transporting system with sulfate reduction. The metabolism of D. spongiiphila, predicted from transcriptomic and proteomic results, demonstrates high metabolic versatility and provides insights into the survival strategies of a marine sponge symbiont in an environment rich in organohalide compounds and other secondary metabolites.

IMPORTANCE Respiratory reductive dehalogenation is an important process in the overall cycling of both anthropogenic and natural organohalide compounds. Marine sponges produce a vast array of bioactive compounds as secondary metabolites, including diverse halogenated compounds that may enrich for dehalogenating bacteria. Desulfoluna spongiiphila strain AA1 was originally enriched and isolated from the marine sponge Aplysina aerophoba and can grow with both brominated compounds and sulfate as electron acceptors for respiration. An understanding of the overall gene expression and the protein production profile in response to organohalides is needed to identify the full complement of genes or enzymes involved in organohalide respiration. Elucidating the metabolic capacity of this sponge-associated bacterium lays the foundation for understanding how dehalogenating bacteria may control the fate of organohalide compounds in sponges and their role in a symbiotic organobromine cycle.

ID 22956
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=22956
Liu, J., Adrian, L., Häggblom, M.M. (2020):
Transcriptomic and proteomic responses of the organohalide-respiring bacterium Desulfoluna spongiiphila to growth with 2,6-dibromophenol as the electron acceptor
Appl. Environ. Microb. 86 (5), e02146-19