|Title (Primary)||Revealing pore connectivity across scales and resolutions with X‐ray CT|
|Author||Lucas, M.; Vetterlein, D.; Vogel, H.-J.; Schlüter, S.|
|Journal||European Journal of Soil Science|
|Topic||T5 Future Landscapes|
|Keywords||Biopores; Connection probability; Connectivity; Euler number; Scale; Tillage; X‐ray CT|
Connectivity is one of the most important parameters to quantify pore structure and link it to soil functions. One of the great challenges in quantifying connectivity with X‐ray microtomography (X‐ray μCT) is that high resolution as required for small pores can only be achieved in small samples in which the connectivity of larger pores can no longer be quantified in a meaningful way.
The objective of this study was to investigate the changes in pore connectivity with changing samples size covering a range of analyzed pore diameters of more than three orders of magnitude. With this we wanted to address whether pore types formed by different processes in an agricultural chronosequence leave characteristic traces in certain connectivity metrics. The Euler number, χ and the connection probability of two random points within the pore system, i.e. the Γ‐indicator, were determined as a function of minimum pore diameter.
The results show that characteristic signatures of certain pore types overlap with scale artifacts in the connectivity functions. The Γ‐indicator, gives highly biased information in small samples. Therefore, we developed a new method for a joint‐Γ‐curve that merges information from three samples sizes. However, χ does not require such a scale fusion. It can be used to define characteristic size ranges for pore types and is very sensitive to the occurrence of bottle‐necks. Our findings suggest a joint evaluation of both connectivity metrics to disentangle different pore types with χ and to identify the contribution of different pore types to the overall pore connectivity with Γ.
This evaluation on the chronosequence showed that biopores mainly connect pores of diameters between 0.5 and 0.1 mm. This was not coupled with an increase in pore volume. In contrast, tillage lead to a shift of pores of diameter > 0.05 mm towards pores of diameter > 0.20 mm and thus increased connectivity of pores >0.20 mm. This work underlines the importance to account for the scale dependence of connectivity measures and provides a methodological approach for doing so.
|Persistent UFZ Identifier||https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=22927|
|Lucas, M., Vetterlein, D., Vogel, H.-J., Schlüter, S. (2021):
Revealing pore connectivity across scales and resolutions with X‐ray CT
Eur. J. Soil Sci. 72 (2), 546 - 560