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Title (Primary) Biotransformation of phthalate plasticizers and bisphenol A by marine-derived, freshwater, and terrestrial fungi
Author Carstens, L.; Cowan, A.R.; Seiwert, B.; Schlosser, D.;
Journal Frontiers in Microbiology
Year 2020
Department UMB; ANA;
Volume 11
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T41;
Supplements https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/21850905
Keywords biosorption; biotransformation; cytochrome P450; endocrine disrupting chemicals; fungi; micropollutant; phthalate esters; plastic additives
Abstract Phthalate esters (PEs, Phthalates) are environmentally ubiquitous as a result of their extensive use as plasticizers and additives in diverse consumer products. Considerable concern relates to their reported xenoestrogenicity and consequently, microbial-based attenuation of environmental PE concentrations is of interest to combat harmful downstream effects. Fungal PE catabolism has received less attention than that by bacteria, and particularly fungi dwelling within aquatic environments remain largely overlooked in this respect. We have compared the biocatalytic and biosorptive removal rates of di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) and diethyl phthalate (DEP), chosen to represent two environmentally prominent PEs of differing structure and hydrophobicity, by marine-, freshwater-, and terrestrial-derived fungal strains. Bisphenol A, both an extensively used plastic additive and prominent environmental xenoestrogen, was included as a reference compound due to its well-documented fungal degradation. Partial pathways of DBP metabolization by the ecophysiologically diverse asco- and basidiomycete strains tested were proposed with the help of UPLC-QTOF-MS analysis. Species specific biochemical reaction steps contributing to DBP metabolism were also observed. The involved reactions include initial cytochrome P450-dependent monohydroxylations of DBP with subsequent further oxidation of related metabolites, de-esterification via either hydrolytic cleavage or cytochrome P450-dependent oxidative O-dealkylation, transesterification, and demethylation steps - finally yielding phthalic acid as a central intermediate in all pathways. Due to the involvement of ecophysiologically and phylogenetically diverse filamentous and yeast-like fungi native to marine, freshwater, and terrestrial habitats the results of this study outline an environmentally ubiquitous pathway for the biocatalytic breakdown of plastic additives. Beyond previous research into fungal PE metabolism which emphasizes hydrolytic de-esterification as the primary catabolic step, a prominent role of cytochrome P450 monooxygenase-catalyzed reactions is established.
ID 22881
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=22881
Carstens, L., Cowan, A.R., Seiwert, B., Schlosser, D. (2020):
Biotransformation of phthalate plasticizers and bisphenol A by marine-derived, freshwater, and terrestrial fungi
Front. Microbiol. 11 , art. 317