|Title (Primary)||Reuse of treated wastewater and biosolids in Jordan – nationwide evaluation|
|Author||Breulmann, M.; Müller, R.A.; Al-Subeh, A.; Subah, A.; van Afferden, M.|
|Page To||lX, 90|
|Keywords||Jordanien; Jordan; Wastewater; Abwasser; Klärschlamm; Biosolid; Wastewater treatment; Abwasserbehandlung; Kläranlage; Treatment plant; Sustainability; Nachhaltigkeit; Water reuse|
|UFZ wide themes||NICE II|
|UFZ inventory||Leipzig, Bibliothek, Hauptlesesaal, 00535861, 20-0080 DK: 628.3(569.5) Reu|
|Abstract||Many countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) face challenges related to scarce water resources,
population growth, and climate change. For this reason, treated wastewater (TWW) or reclaimed water should be used in place of conventional water resources across diverse sectors. Jordan has recently introduced policies which clearly state that freshwater used for irrigation should be gradually substituted with TWW whenever feasible. Many factors - including regulatory, institutional, social, technical, and financial aspects – will ultimately affect the success of this substitution process.
Although the agricultural sector in Jordan has been using treated water for decades, the potential for a direct reuse, in particular, is far from being exhausted. Direct use of TWW is still not popular in the country and faces several challenges, namely: (1) institutional fragmentation, which jeopardizes the design and implementation of effective reuse schemes; (2) the existing technical standards, which are particularly relevant when small-scale treatment and reuse schemes are considered; (3) the lack of wellestablished
business models, which hinders the widespread use of decentralized wastewater treatment systems; and (4) the lack of social acceptance.
|Persistent UFZ Identifier||https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=22868|
|Breulmann, M., Müller, R.A., Al-Subeh, A., Subah, A., van Afferden, M. (2020):
Reuse of treated wastewater and biosolids in Jordan – nationwide evaluation
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ; Ministry of Water and Irrigation, Leipzig, Germany; Amman, Jordan, lX, 90 pp.