Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1038/s41598-023-30177-y
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) Global conservation prioritization for the Orchidaceae
Author Vitt, P.; Taylor, A.; Rakosy, D.; Kreft, H.; Meyer, A.; Weigelt, P.; Knight, T.M.
Source Titel Scientific Reports
Year 2023
Department BZF; iDiv
Volume 13
Page From art. 6718
Language englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Abstract Quantitative assessments of endemism, evolutionary distinctiveness and extinction threat underpin global conservation prioritization for well-studied taxa, such as birds, mammals, and amphibians. However, such information is unavailable for most of the world’s taxa. This is the case for the Orchidaceae, a hyperdiverse and cosmopolitan family with incomplete phylogenetic and threat information. To define conservation priorities, we present a framework based on phylogenetic and taxonomic measures of distinctiveness and rarity based on the number of regions and the area of occupancy. For 25,434 orchid species with distribution data (89.3% of the Orchidaceae), we identify the Neotropics as hotspots for richness, New Guinea as a hotspot for evolutionary distinctiveness, and several islands that contain many rare and distinct species. Orchids have a similar proportion of monotypic genera as other Angiosperms, however, more taxonomically distinct orchid species are found in a single region. We identify 278 species in need of immediate conservation actions and find that more than 70% of these do not currently have an IUCN conservation assessment and are not protected in ex-situ collections at Botanical Gardens. Our study highlights locations and orchid species in urgent need of conservation and demonstrates a framework that can be applied to other data-deficient taxa.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Vitt, P., Taylor, A., Rakosy, D., Kreft, H., Meyer, A., Weigelt, P., Knight, T.M. (2023):
Global conservation prioritization for the Orchidaceae
Sci. Rep. 13 , art. 6718 10.1038/s41598-023-30177-y