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Title (Primary) Leaching and degradation of 13C2-15N-glyphosate in field lysimeters
Author Gros, P.; Meissner, R.; Wirth, M.A.; Kanwischer, M.; Rupp, H.; Schulz-Bull, D.E.; Leinweber, P.;
Journal Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Year 2020
Department BOSYS;
Volume 192
Issue 2
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T31;
Keywords Pesticide; Fate; IR-MS; HPLC-MS/MS, Stable isotopes; Environmental detection
Abstract Glyphosate (GLYP), the globally most important herbicide, may have effects in various compartments of the environment such as soil and water. Although laboratory studies showed fast microbial degradation and a low leaching potential, it is often detected in various environmental compartments, but pathways are unknown. Therefore, the objective was to study GLYP leaching and transformations in a lysimeter field experiment over a study period of one hydrological year using non-radioactive 13C2-15N-GLYP labelling and maize cultivation. 15N and 13C were selectively measured using isotopic ratio mass spectrometry (IR-MS) in leachates, soil, and plant material. Additionally, HPLC coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) was used for quantitation of GLYP and its main degradation product aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) in different environmental compartments (leachates and soil). Results show low recoveries for GLYP (< 3%) and AMPA (< level of detection) in soil after the study period, whereas recoveries of 15N (11–19%) and 13C (23–54%) were higher. Time independent enrichment of 15N and 13C and the absence of GLYP and AMPA in leachates indicated further degradation. 15N was enriched in all compartments of maize plants (roots, shoots, and cobs). 13C was only enriched in roots. Results confirmed rapid degradation to further degradation products, e.g., 15NH4+, which plausibly was taken up as nutrient by plants. Due to the discrepancy of low GLYP and AMPA concentrations in soil, but higher values for 15N and 13C after the study period, it cannot be excluded that non-extractable residues of GLYP remained and accumulated in soil.
ID 22704
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Gros, P., Meissner, R., Wirth, M.A., Kanwischer, M., Rupp, H., Schulz-Bull, D.E., Leinweber, P. (2020):
Leaching and degradation of 13C2-15N-glyphosate in field lysimeters
Environ. Monit. Assess. 192 (2), art. 127