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Title (Primary) Effect of a bioactive cement on the microbial community in carious dentin after selective caries removal – An in-vivo study
Author Schmidt, J.; Buenger, L.; Krohn, S.; Kallies, R.; Zeller, K.; Schneider, H.; Ziebolz, D.; Berg, T.; Haak, R.
Journal Journal of Dentistry
Year 2020
Department UMB
Volume 92
Page From art. 103264
Language englisch
Keywords Carious dentin; Selective caries removal; Bacterial DNA; T-RFLP; 16S rRNA gene sequencing; Microbiome


Selective caries removal in deep lesions means that soft carious affected dentin is left in the center of the cavity. Thus, using a tricalcium silicate cement Biodentine™ (Septodont, Paris) to seal the remaining soft dentin could have an antibacterial effect. This in-vivo study aimed to do quantitative and qualitative analyses on the bacterial composition within carious dentin before and after selective caries removal when applying Biodentine.


Eleven patients with deep primary carious lesions at two posterior teeth without pulpal symptoms were included. Carious dentin was selectively removed and sampled with a sterile round bur (Komet No. 18) at baseline visit and eight weeks later. On the first visit, one lesion per patient, the remaining carious dentin was covered with Biodentine before adhesive restoration. Caries samples were investigated by microbial cultivation, molecular analysis and amplicon deep-sequencing of 16S rRNA genes. Bacterial DNA from intact cells was differentiated from cell-free DNA by DNase degradation prior to DNA isolation.


Reduction of cell-derived as well as cell-free bacterial DNA eight weeks after selective caries removal was significantly higher when Biodentine was applied. Lactobacillus was most abundant within the microbial community of deep carious dentin lesions at the first visit. After intervention with Biodentine application, Lactobacillus was diminished to a high degree. In general, the diversity in samples, as well as bacterial composition differed interindividually as well as intraindividually.

Conclusion and clinical significance

Despite the heterogenous and diversity of microbial composition in patients, Biodentine can have beneficial antibacterial effects when applied to residual carious dentin, offering an alternative and safe treatment option.

The study is officially registered with German Clinical Trials Register (DRKS00011067).

Persistent UFZ Identifier
Schmidt, J., Buenger, L., Krohn, S., Kallies, R., Zeller, K., Schneider, H., Ziebolz, D., Berg, T., Haak, R. (2020):
Effect of a bioactive cement on the microbial community in carious dentin after selective caries removal – An in-vivo study
J. Dent. 92 , art. 103264