Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134028
Document accepted manuscript
Title (Primary) Occurrence of pathogens in the river–groundwater interface in a losing river stretch (Besòs River Delta, Spain)
Author Jurado, A.; Bofill-Mas, S.; Vázquez-Suñé, E.; Pujades, E.; Girones, R.; Rusiñol, M.
Journal Science of the Total Environment
Year 2019
Department CHS
Volume 696
Page From art. 134028
Language englisch
Keywords Human adenovirus; Norovirus; Faecal indicator bacteria; Urban groundwater; Water resource; Reclaimed water
Abstract The aim of this study is to investigate the occurrence of faecal indicator and microbial pathogens (bacteria and virus) in the shallow urban aquifer of the Besòs River Delta (NE Spain). To this end, human adenovirus (HAdV) and Norovirus of genogroups I and II (NoV GI and NoV GII) as well as the faecal indicator bacteria (FIB) Escherichia coli (EC) and faecal enterococci (FE) were monitored in groundwater and in the River Besòs in December 2013 and in July 2104. None of the targeted pathogens were detected in groundwater in December 2013 but contamination of human origin was observed in approximately 50% of the points sampled in July 2014 reaching concentrations up to 99 GC/100 mL for HAdV. Generally, microbial concentrations in river water were higher than those detected in groundwater. This observation indicates that pathogens are naturally attenuated when river water infiltrates and flows through the aquifer, however HAdV were detected at a sampling point located at 380 m from the river in the absence of FIB. The presence of human viral contamination may represent a risk for the use of groundwater as a drinking water source. Further research is needed to understand the dynamics of pathogens in river–groundwater interface over long time periods and a wide range of flow conditions (wet and dry periods) since the urban groundwater of this aquifer might be a valuable drinking water resource in Barcelona especially during drought periods. The methodology followed in this research can be applied to other urban aquifers with similar purposes since the scarcity and contamination of freshwater resources are worldwide issues.
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Jurado, A., Bofill-Mas, S., Vázquez-Suñé, E., Pujades, E., Girones, R., Rusiñol, M. (2019):
Occurrence of pathogens in the river–groundwater interface in a losing river stretch (Besòs River Delta, Spain)
Sci. Total Environ. 696 , art. 134028