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Title (Primary) Biotechnological utilization of animal gut microbiota for valorization of lignocellulosic biomass
Author Ozbayram, E.G.; Kleinsteuber, S.; Nikolausz, M.;
Journal Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Year 2020
Department UMB;
Volume 104
Issue 2
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T15; R31;
Keywords Biomimicry; Anaerobic digestion; Biorefinery; Gut; Microbiota; Lignocellulose; Bioaugmentation
Abstract The aim of this review is to give a summary of natural lignocellulose-degrading systems focusing mainly on animal digestive tracts of wood-feeding insects and ruminants in order to find effective strategies that can be applied to improve anaerobic digestion processes in engineered systems. Wood-feeding animals co-evolved with symbiotic microorganisms to digest lignocellulose-rich biomass in a very successful way. Considering the similarities between these animal gut systems and the lignocellulose-based biotechnological processes, the gut with its microbial consortium can be a perfect model for an advanced lignocellulose-degrading biorefinery. The physicochemical properties and structure of the gut may provide a scheme for the process design, and the microbial consortium may be applied as genetic resource for the up-scaled bioreactor communities. Manipulation of the gut microbiota is also discussed in relation to the management of the reactor communities.
ID 22493
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=22493
Ozbayram, E.G., Kleinsteuber, S., Nikolausz, M. (2020):
Biotechnological utilization of animal gut microbiota for valorization of lignocellulosic biomass
Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 104 (2), 489 - 508