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Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1007/s11356-023-26382-x
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Title (Primary) On the additional risk for human health in the use of sandblasting of building walls
Author Prokopciuk, N.; Juskiene, I.; Tarasiuk, N.; Franck, U.; Kostiuk, O.; Valiulis, A.; Taminskiene, V.; Valiulis, A.
Source Titel Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Year 2023
Department IMMU
Volume 30
Issue 19
Page From 56558
Page To 56568
Language englisch
Topic T9 Healthy Planet
Keywords Sandblasting; Aerosol pollution; Radiocesium; Heavy metals; Plutonium; Risk to health; Children
Abstract In 2021, concentrations of heavy metals (Ba, Cr, Fe, Mn, Pb, Ru, Sr, Zn, Zr) and radiocesium (137Cs) were measured in 13 locations in Vilnius in surface samples of walls and facades of buildings built of yellow bricks in order to evaluate possible aerosol air pollution due to sandblasting. The activity concentrations of 137Cs appeared there as a result of global fallout and precipitation of the products of the accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, and the concentration of Pb, as a component of road transport emissions. Other trace elements turned out to be impurities in the material of yellow bricks. In spring 2018, sandblasting of the walls of the building adjacent to the school led to the long-term significant aerosol contamination of school premises (up to 660 µg/m3). Due to sandblasting, the surface of the school sport yard was covered with a thin layer of scraped particles, which were transported by gusts of wind into the school premises. Sandblasting of walls and facades can also be a source of aerosols with 137Cs activity concentrations reaching ~ 40 Bq/kg and Pb — up to 98 ppm. Estimates show that along with 137Cs, the formation of aerosols with activity concentrations of 239, 240Pu reaching 1.6 Bq/kg is possible. Isotopes of 239, 240Pu are analogues of calcium and, when ingested, are deposited in the bones. The ingress of radioactive aerosols into the respiratory tract, especially of children of primary school age, creates additional risks of malignant diseases.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Prokopciuk, N., Juskiene, I., Tarasiuk, N., Franck, U., Kostiuk, O., Valiulis, A., Taminskiene, V., Valiulis, A. (2023):
On the additional risk for human health in the use of sandblasting of building walls
Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 30 (19), 56558 - 56568 10.1007/s11356-023-26382-x