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Title (Primary) Terrestrial vegetation drives methane production in the sediments of two German reservoirs
Author Tittel, J.; Hüls, M.; Koschorreck, M.;
Journal Scientific Reports
Year 2019
Department SEEFO;
Volume 9
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T31;
Supplements https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1038%2Fs41598-019-52288-1/MediaObjects/41598_2019_52288_MOESM1_ESM.docx
https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1038%2Fs41598-019-52288-1/MediaObjects/41598_2019_52288_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx
Abstract Inland waters and reservoirs in particular are significant sources of methane to the atmosphere. However, little information is available on the extent to which organic carbon from terrestrial vegetation or from internal photosynthesis fuels the methane production. This limits our ability to constrain methane emissions efficiently. We studied the isotopic composition (13C, 14C) of pelagic and sedimentary carbon sources in two small German reservoirs. The methane was enriched by radiocarbon with isotopic ranges (∆14C 5‰ to 31‰) near to fresh terrestrial organic carbon (OC, 17‰ to 26‰). In contrast, potential source OC produced by internal photosynthesis was characterized by negative ∆14C values (−30‰ and −25‰) as derived from signatures of inorganic carbon in the reservoirs. The particulate OC in stream supplies (terrestrial OC) was also 14C depleted in almost all cases, but highly variable in ∆14C (−131‰ to 42‰). Although the import of terrestrial OC was lower than the amount of OC produced by reservoir-internal photosynthesis, we conclude that the methane production was predominantly fuelled by catchment vegetation. The utilized terrestrial OC was of contemporary origin, fixed within years to decades before sampling and supplemented with reservoir-internal or aged terrestrial OC. Our results indicate that terrestrial biomass is an important driver of methane production in reservoirs receiving significant imports of terrestrial OC.
ID 22372
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=22372
Tittel, J., Hüls, M., Koschorreck, M. (2019):
Terrestrial vegetation drives methane production in the sediments of two German reservoirs
Sci. Rep. 9 , art. 15944