Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1002/ece3.5627
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) How do trees respond to species mixing in experimental compared to observational studies?
Author Kambach, S.; Allan, E.; Bilodeau-Gauthier, S.; Coomes, D.A.; Haase, J.; Jucker, T.; Kunstler, G.; Müller, S.; Nock, C.; Paquette, A.; van der Plas, F.; Ratcliffe, S.; Roger, F.; Ruiz‐Benito, P.; Scherer‐Lorenzen, M.; Auge, H.; Bouriaud, O.; Castagneyrol, B.; Dahlgren, J.; Gamfeldt, L.; Jactel, H.; Kändler, G.; Koricheva, J.; Lehtonen, A.; Muys, B.; Ponette, Q.; Setiawan, N.; Van de Peer, T.; Verheyen, K.; Zavala, M.A.; Bruelheide, H.
Journal Ecology and Evolution
Year 2019
Department BZF; iDiv
Volume 9
Issue 19
Page From 11254
Page To 11265
Language englisch
Keywords biodiversity; ecosystem function and services; FunDivEUROPE; national forest inventories; productivity; species richness; synthesis tree growth; TreeDivNet; forest ecosystems; Kreinitz Experiment; meta-analysis
Abstract For decades, ecologists have investigated the effects of tree species diversity on tree productivity at different scales and with different approaches ranging from observational to experimental study designs. Using data from five European national forest inventories (16,773 plots), six tree species diversity experiments (584 plots), and six networks of comparative plots (169 plots), we tested whether tree species growth responses to species mixing are consistent and therefore transferrable between those different research approaches. Our results confirm the general positive effect of tree species mixing on species growth (16% on average) but we found no consistency in species‐specific responses to mixing between any of the three approaches, even after restricting comparisons to only those plots that shared similar mixtures compositions and forest types. These findings highlight the necessity to consider results from different research approaches when selecting species mixtures that should maximize positive forest biodiversity and functioning relationships.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Kambach, S., Allan, E., Bilodeau-Gauthier, S., Coomes, D.A., Haase, J., Jucker, T., Kunstler, G., Müller, S., Nock, C., Paquette, A., van der Plas, F., Ratcliffe, S., Roger, F., Ruiz‐Benito, P., Scherer‐Lorenzen, M., Auge, H., Bouriaud, O., Castagneyrol, B., Dahlgren, J., Gamfeldt, L., Jactel, H., Kändler, G., Koricheva, J., Lehtonen, A., Muys, B., Ponette, Q., Setiawan, N., Van de Peer, T., Verheyen, K., Zavala, M.A., Bruelheide, H. (2019):
How do trees respond to species mixing in experimental compared to observational studies?
Ecol. Evol. 9 (19), 11254 - 11265