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Title (Primary) Simulating biodiversity responses to land use mosaics in agricultural landscapes: an overview of possibilities and potential
Author Langhammer, M.
Journal PhD Dissertation
Year 2019
Department OESA
Volume 6/2019
Page To XI, 192
Language englisch
Keywords Biodiversität; Agrarlandschaft; Flächennutzung; Feldhase; Hare; Biodiversity; Agricultural landscape; Land use; Simulation; Greening
UFZ inventory Leipzig, Bibliothek, Reportsammlung, 00532570, 19-0359 F/E
Abstract Since the middle of the 20th century, industrialisation and globalisation have initiated a profound land use change in Europe. Increasing mechanisation and intensification of agriculture, competition for land, but also global climate change are modifying the structure and composition of agricultural landscapes. At the same time, the habitat of animal and plant species adapted to the agricultural landscape system is changing. Numerous studies in recent decades have shown a general decline in biodiversity in agricultural landscapes and the endangerment of many species. The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) of the European Union, which sets the framework conditions for agriculture in Europe, attempts to counter this trend by granting direct payments for sustainable environmental services (‘greening’) to farmers. These provisions include crop diversification, the maintenance of permanent grassland and the establishment of ecological focus areas. Because these measures were introduced with the last CAP reform of 2013, there are only a few studies that have evaluated their benefits for the agricultural species communities.

In my thesis, I investigate various greening measures that are eligible as ecological focus areaswith regard to their benefit for the brown hare (Lepus europaeus). As tools to answer my research questions, I apply two spatial computer simulation models and compare them to identify the possibilities and potential of such models for impact assessment of land use change on biodiversity. I particularly focus on the landscapes underlying the models and on the extent to which their design and complexity determine the scope of the simulation models. In addition, I give an overview of various tools that can be used to generate model landscapes, show their advantages and disadvantages, and derive requirements for generic and versatile tools.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Langhammer, M. (2019):
Simulating biodiversity responses to land use mosaics in agricultural landscapes: an overview of possibilities and potential
Dissertation, Universität Potsdam
PhD Dissertation 6/2019
Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung - UFZ, Leipzig, XI, 192 pp.