Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.060
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) Trace elements and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in terrestrial compartments of Svalbard, Norwegian Arctic
Author Aslam, S.N.; Huber, C.; Asimakopoulos, A.G.; Steinnes, E.; Mikkelsen, Ø.
Source Titel Science of the Total Environment
Year 2019
Department WANA
Volume 685
Page From 1127
Page To 1138
Language englisch
Keywords Arctic; PCBs; Trace elements; Atmospheric deposition; Organic soil; Vegetation; Svalbard
Abstract Despite being a remote location, the Arctic is a major receptor for anthropogenic pollution transported from the mid-latitudes. Vegetation and underlying organic soils in the Norwegian Arctic, Svalbard were used to study the occurrences of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and trace elements. In this study, current concentrations of PCBs and trace elements, namely, Al, As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, S, Sb, U and Zn in the terrestrial compartments of Svalbard are presented. Samples were collected from Adventdalen near Longyearbyen and from areas in proximity to Ny-Ålesund. There was significant variability in soil organic matter (SOM) among the soils analysed (5.0%–72.1%), with the highest values detected in Ny-Ålesund. The concentrations of Al, As, Cr Cu, Fe, Pb and Ni were associated with the geology of the local bedrock. The concentrations of all elements, except for Cd, Hg and Zn, were higher in soils than those in the overlying vegetation layers. Mean concentrations of ∑PCBs were significantly higher in vegetation (6.90 ± 0.81 ng g−1 dw) than the underlying organic soils (3.70 ± 0.36 ng g−1 dw). An inverse correlation of PCBs with the elements originating from the local bedrock indicated that their concentrations were potentially impacted by atmospheric deposition. PCBs and Cd were strongly associated, proposing a potential concomitant source of origin in Svalbard. Concentrations of PCBs and trace elements measured herein were below the proposed guidelines for Norwegian soil quality.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Aslam, S.N., Huber, C., Asimakopoulos, A.G., Steinnes, E., Mikkelsen, Ø. (2019):
Trace elements and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in terrestrial compartments of Svalbard, Norwegian Arctic
Sci. Total Environ. 685 , 1127 - 1138 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.060