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Title (Primary) Removal of pharmaceuticals and personal care products using constructed wetlands: effective plant-bacteria synergism may enhance degradation efficiency
Author Nguyen, P.M.; Afzal, M.; Ullah, I.; Shahid, N.; Baqar, M.; Arslan, M.;
Journal Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Year 2019
Department UBT; OEKOTOX;
Volume 26
Issue 21
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T41; T42;
Keywords Pharmaceuticals; Personal care products; Constructed wetlands; Plant-bacteria partnership; Microbial degradation
Abstract Post-industrial era has witnessed significant advancements at unprecedented rates in the field of medicine and cosmetics, which has led to affluent use of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs). However, this has exacerbated the influx of various pollutants in the environment affecting living organisms through multiple routes. Thousands of PPCPs of various classes—prescription and non-prescription drugs—are discharged directly into the environment. In this review, we have surveyed literature investigating plant-based remediation practices to remove PPCPs from the environment. Our specific aim is to highlight the importance of plant-bacteria interplay for sustainable remediation of PPCPs. The green technologies not only are successfully curbing organic pollutants but also have displayed certain limitations. For example, the presence of biologically active compounds within plant rhizosphere may affect plant growth and hence compromise the phytoremediation potential of constructed wetlands. To overcome these hindrances, combined use of plants and beneficial bacteria has been employed. The microbes (both rhizo- and endophytes) in this type of system not only degrade PPCPs directly but also accelerate plant growth by producing growth-promoting enzymes and hence remediation potential of constructed wetlands.
ID 21925
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=21925
Nguyen, P.M., Afzal, M., Ullah, I., Shahid, N., Baqar, M., Arslan, M. (2019):
Removal of pharmaceuticals and personal care products using constructed wetlands: effective plant-bacteria synergism may enhance degradation efficiency
Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 26 (21), 21109 - 21126