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Title (Primary) Sea breeze climate and human thermal comfort over Gaza, Palestine
Author Al Abadla, Z.; Schlink, U.; Abdel Wahab, M.M.; Robaa, S.M.;
Journal EnvironmentAsia
Year 2019
Department SUSOZ;
Volume 12
Issue 2
Language englisch;
POF III (all) T13;
Keywords Sea Breeze; Comfort Index; Outdoor Environment; PET; UTCI; Gaza Strip; Palestine
Abstract The purpose of this study is to examine the sea breeze climate and thermal human comfort in Gaza,
Palestine. Analyses are based on weather data gathered at Gaza weather station. Considering the
limitation of meteorological observation, the meteorological data used to represent the outdoor
environment were obtained from the Palestinian meteorological department over 12 years
periods (1995-2006). Summarizing the results, the average starting and ending times of sea breeze
found between 09:00 and 15:00 UTC. Starts from March to October, with mean velocity of 3 m/s
reaching a maximum at about 1500 UTC with 4.2 m/s. Spring and summer months have the most
sea breeze, while nil in winter months. Lifted condensation level (LCL) at spring and summer of
about 742 m and 650 m respectively. The LCL is less than the limits required for inland distance
penetration of the sea breeze according to the depth of the unstable layer. Physiologically equivalent
temperature (PET) observed to varied between (34.9°C) during summer months, while (15.7 °C)
during winter. Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI) indicated strong thermal stress during
July and August months, while at the rest of the year felt under no thermal stress to moderate
thermal stress. The study was suggested that, the better comfortable level found during sea breeze
hours at summer months.
ID 21897
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Al Abadla, Z., Schlink, U., Abdel Wahab, M.M., Robaa, S.M. (2019):
Sea breeze climate and human thermal comfort over Gaza, Palestine
EnvironmentAsia 12 (2), 136 - 144