Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1002/ieam.4125
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Title (Primary) Compartment‐specific screening tools for persistence: Potential role and application in the regulatory context
Author Junker, T.; Coors, A.; Schüürmann, G.
Journal Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
Year 2019
Department OEC
Volume 15
Issue 3
Page From 470
Page To 481
Language englisch
Keywords Biodegradation; Persistence; Soil; Sediment; REACH
Abstract The persistence assessment under the European Union regulation Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) relies on compartment‐specific degradation half‐lives derived from laboratory simulation studies with surface water, aquatic sediment, or soil. Although these data are given priority, they are not available for most of the compounds. Therefore, according to the Integrated Assessment and Testing Strategy (ITS) for persistence assessment, results from ready biodegradability tests (RBTs) are used within a persistence screening to decide whether a substance is considered as “not persistent” or “potentially persistent.” However, ready biodegradability is currently tested only in water. Consequently, there is a lack of approaches that include the soil and sediment compartments for persistence assessment at the screening level. In previous studies, compartment‐specific screening tools for water‐sediment (Water‐Sediment Screening Tool [WSST]) and soil (Soil Screening Tool [SST]) were developed based on the existing test guideline Organisation for Economic Development and Co‐operation (OECD TG 301C [MITI (Ministry of International Trade and Industry, Japan) test]). The test systems MITI, WSST, and SST were successfully applied to determine sound and reliable biodegradation data for 15 test compounds. In the present study, these results are used within the scope of a new alternative persistence screening approach, the Compartment‐Specific Persistence Screening (CSPS). Compared to the persistence screening under REACH, the CSPS is a more conservative approach that provides additional reasonable results, particularly for compounds that sorb to sediment and soil, and for which the current standard persistence screening might be insufficient. Thus, the CSPS can be used to identify potentially persistent and nonpersistent compounds in the regulatory context by a comprehensive assessment that includes water, soil, and sediment. Moreover, experimentally determined half‐lives from the compartment‐specific screening tools can be used as input for multimedia models that estimate, for example, overall persistence (Pov). The application of fixed half‐life factors to extrapolate from water to soil and sediment, which is here demonstrated to be inappropriate, can thereby be avoided.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Junker, T., Coors, A., Schüürmann, G. (2019):
Compartment‐specific screening tools for persistence: Potential role and application in the regulatory context
Integr. Environ. Assess. Manag. 15 (3), 470 - 481