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Title (Primary) Structural characterization of β-sheeted oligomers formed on the pathway of oxidative prion protein aggregation in vitro
Author Redecke, L.; von Bergen, M.; Clos, J.; Konarev, P.V.; Svergun, D.I.; Fittschen, U.E.; Broekaert, J.A.; Bruns, O.; Georgieva, D.; Mandelkow, E.; Genov, N.; Betzel, C.;
Journal Journal of Structural Biology
Year 2007
Department PROTEOM;
Volume 157
Issue 2
Language englisch;
Keywords Prion protein; Oligomerization; Metal-induced oxidation; Oxidative stress; SAXS
Abstract The pathology of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) is strongly associated with the structural conversion of the cellular prion protein (PrPC) into a misfolded isoform (PrPSc) that assembles into amyloid fibrils. Since increased levels of oxidative stress have been linked to prion diseases, we investigated the metal-induced oxidation of human PrP (90-231). A novel in vitro conversion assay based on aerobic incubation of PrP in the presence of elemental copper pellets at pH 5 was established, resulting in aggregation of highly ß-sheeted prion proteins. We show for the first time that two discrete oligomeric species of elongated shape, approx. 25 mers and 100 mers, are formed on the pathway of oxidative PrP aggregation in vitro, which are well characterized regarding shape and size using small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), dynamic light scattering (DLS), and electron microscopy (EM). Considering that small oligomers of highly similar size have recently been reported to show the highest specific infectivity within TSE-infected brain tissues of hamsters, the novel oligomers observed in this study are interesting candidates as agent causing neurodegenerative and/or self-propagating effects. Moreover, our results significantly strengthen the theory that oxidative stress might be an influence that leads to substantial structural conversions of PrP in vivo.
ID 2183
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=2183
Redecke, L., von Bergen, M., Clos, J., Konarev, P.V., Svergun, D.I., Fittschen, U.E., Broekaert, J.A., Bruns, O., Georgieva, D., Mandelkow, E., Genov, N., Betzel, C. (2007):
Structural characterization of β-sheeted oligomers formed on the pathway of oxidative prion protein aggregation in vitro
J. Struct. Biol. 157 (2), 308 - 320