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Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1111/jiec.12857
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Title (Primary) Assessment of lignocellulosic biorefineries in Germany using a hybrid LCA multi‐objective optimization model
Author Budzinski, M.; Cavalett, O.; Nitzsche, R.; Hammer Strømman, A.
Source Titel Journal of Industrial Ecology
Year 2019
Volume 23
Issue 5
Page From 1172
Page To 1185
Language englisch
Keywords biomass; hybrid LCA; industrial ecology; linear programming; multi-objective
Abstract In this study a tiered hybrid life cycle assessment (LCA) multi‐objective optimization model is developed and applied to determine the optimal choice of new biorefinery technologies in Germany. Thereby, several aspects can be explicitly addressed, including a regionally differentiated accountability of sustainable feedstock availability, identification of environmental impacts along global value chains, and identification of trade‐offs between different sustainability goals. The model is applied to assess the optimal choice between two lignocellulosic biorefinery concepts. Two optimization objectives are taken into account: maximizing the investor's profit and minimizing global impacts on climate change related to a specified demand for products. In terms of environmental impacts, the model also takes into account the comparison of new biorefineries with current available technologies producing the specified final demand. The results of the case study show that the biorefinery concept including the ethylene production is more beneficial in terms of reducing climate impacts, while on the other hand the biorefinery including the ethanol production is more cost‐effective. Depending on the decision‐maker's preference on weighting the two objectives, different capacities of biorefineries and optimal locations in Germany are identified. Furthermore, regions in Germany providing the necessary biomass feedstock can be identified on a county level. Finally, we argue that the extension of LCA by multi‐objective optimization is well suited guiding the way toward well‐informed decision‐making in the field of technological choices.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Budzinski, M., Cavalett, O., Nitzsche, R., Hammer Strømman, A. (2019):
Assessment of lignocellulosic biorefineries in Germany using a hybrid LCA multi‐objective optimization model
J. Ind. Ecol. 23 (5), 1172 - 1185 10.1111/jiec.12857